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मराठी मुख्य सूची|मराठी साहित्य|भारुडे|
नकटी - अभावाचे नाक लावुनिया शोभे...

भारुड - नकटी - अभावाचे नाक लावुनिया शोभे...

भारुड Bharude is a kind of satirical form of presenting the faults of lay human beings. It was started by Eknath who is revered as a saint.


भारुड - नकटी

अभावाचे नाक लावुनिया शोभे ।

वरदळ भक्‍ती तैशावरी शोभे ॥ १ ॥

नकटीचा गुण उपहास लोकां ।

दांभिक भक्‍ती तैशी तुम्ही देखा ॥ २ ॥

काजळ कुंकू माथा वेणी ।

नकटी सुंदर म्हणेल कोणी ॥ ३ ॥

नकटीचा संग करी तोचि साजे ।

दांभिक भजनाते देवचि लाजे ॥ ४ ॥

एका जनार्दनी भावेविण ।

कुसराचे भजन ते नकटेपण ॥ ५ ॥

Translation - भाषांतर

Last Updated : 2013-11-10T18:31:04.4430000

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  • A stone emblem of Viṣṇu.
    1) Origin of the name.
    Sālagrāma is the kind of ammonite, used for making the image of Viṣṇu. Mahāviṣṇu is known by the name Sālagrāma also. This name originated from the name Sālagrāma, which is the name of the place from where the river Gaṇḍakī, which flows through Nepal, starts. This Sālagrāma is considered to be a holy place. Mahāviṣṇu and other gods always dwell in this place. Sālagrāma is the name of Viṣṇu who dwells in Sālagrāma. [M.B. Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Stanzas 123 to 125].
    2) The importance of Sālagrāma.
    The place Sālagrāma is at the origin of river Gaṇḍakī. There are various kinds of stone figures which are called Sālagrāmas. These Sālagrāmas themselves have orginated from portions of Viṣṇu. That is why those stones are used for making images of Viṣṇu. There is a story in the [Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 9], stating that the derivation of these stones is from a portion of Viṣṇu. During the early days, Sarasvatī, Lakṣmī and Gaṅgā were wives of Mahāviṣṇu. One day there arose a family quarrel among them. (See under Tulasī). As a result of this quarrel, the Devīs cursed each other. Sarasvatī cursed Lakṣmī and changed her to holy basil plant (Tulasī) on the earth. When Lakṣmī was about to depart as Tulasī, Mahāviṣṇu blessed her thus. “Look! Lakṣmī! you will live in the world as a holy basil and when the curse has been completed you will come back to me. On that day, a river named Gaṇḍakī, will start from your body which will be in the shape of the holy basil plant. (It is also said that the river Gaṇḍakī has taken birth from the sweat of Śiva and Viṣṇu. Refer to the word Gaṇḍakī). On the bank of that river, I will remain as a stone image. There will be so many worms with strong tusks and teeth, which will pierce the stone into the shape of Sudarśana cakra (the weapon of Viṣṇu) and will create numberless Sālagrāmas. The Sālagrāmas thus made, will be of various sizes and shapes.
    ” 3) Different classes of Sālagrāmas.
    Mention is made in the Purāṇas about nineteen classes of Sālagrāmas. They are given below:
    (i) Lakṣmīnārāyaṇa.
    With one hole, four cakras (wheels) and Vanamālā (a line like the garland) and of the colour of clouds.
    i) Lakṣmījanārdana.
    This is the same as Lakṣmīnārāyaṇa, with the difference that there will be no Vanamālā.
    i) Raghunātha.
    With two holes and four wheels and mark of the hoof of a calf. This also will have no Vanamālā.
    v) Vāmana.
    With two very small wheels and the colour of the cloud. This too will have no Vanamālā.
    (v) Śrīdhara.
    This is the same as Vāmana with the exception that it will be having Vanamālā. The house in which this is placed will have a prosperity and well being of its own.
    i) Dāmodara.
    Will be large and round with two cakras (wheels) and with no Vanamālā.
    i) Raṇarāma.
    Neither too large nor too small, but of medium size and round, with two wheels and the marks of child's kick, bow and quiver.
    i) Rājarājeśvara.
    Of the size of Raṇarāma with seven cakras, (wheels), ornamented with the mark of umbrella. This will earn for the possessor kingly wealth.
    x) Ananta.
    Somewhat thick with fourteen wheels, and as black as a cloud. This Sālagrāma will give men the four Puruṣārthas (objects of life) ‘Dharmārthakārnamokṣa’ (Duty, wealth, desire and salvation).
    (x) Madhusūdana.
    A sālagrāma in the shape of a wheel with two wheels, and impression of cow's hoof, having the shade of cloud, of ordinary size. This will be very bright.
    i) Sudarśana.
    Sudarśana will have only one cakra (wheel).
    i) Gadādhara.
    This also will be having only one wheel which will not be bright.
    i) Hayagrīva.
    This will have two wheels and the face of a horse.
    v) Nārasiṁha.
    With a very wide mouth, two wheels, and awful shape. This Sālagrāma will cause instant self-renunciation.
    v) Lakṣmīnarasiṁha.
    This also will be having a wide mouth and two wheels. Besides these, there will be the Vanamālā also. This will make house-holders cosy and comfortable.
    i) Vāsudeva.
    The Sālagrāma with two wheels at the region of the hole and with round shape having vividness and brightness, is Vāsudeva. This will grant all desires.
    i) Pradyumna.
    This will have only a minute wheel. The colour will be that of clouds. But on the outer side, there will be a hole in the inside of which there will be a number of cuts or dents. This will give householders comfort always.
    i) Saṅkarṣaṇa.
    In the Saṅkarṣaṇa two wheels will be joined face to face. The fore-part will be thinner than the hind-part. This also will do good to house-holders.
    x) Aniruddha.
    The colour of this is yellow. This will be quite round and bright. This also will give comfort to the house-holder. [Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 9];[ Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 46]. 4). The greatness of Sālagrāma. Of these, the stones with cakras (the weapon Discus), are Bhagavān Viṣṇu in reality. Those who worship this stone with mark of cakra, need not have to take another birth. He who habitually worships Sālagrāma, should avoid arrogance and should be charitable. He who worships Sālagrāma with the mark of wheel should not covet others' wealth and women. The cakra from Dvārakā and the stone from Gaṇḍakī will bring atonement in a moment for sins incurred in a hundred births. Even if one has incurred thousands of sins, one will get remission for all of them by drinking the water of Sālagrāma. Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra will attain heaven if they become house-holders according to Vedic convention and worship Sālagrāma. On no account should women worship Sālagrāma. If by ignorance, a woman, whether she is good-natured or of a higher status, happens to touch Sālagrāma, all her merits earned by good deeds will be lost and she will go to hell. Brahmin sages say that women throwing flowers as oblation on Sālagrāma, commit the greatest sin. If a woman touches a Sālagrāma, the offering of Sandal-wood will be like poisoned rice, flowers like diamond, and meals presented to god before being eaten by the servants in the temple, will be like Kālakūṭa (the poison of Vāsuki), to Bhagavān Viṣṇu. If a woman touches Sālagrāma, she will have to remain in hell for the duration of fourteen Indras. Even the sin of Brahmahatyā (killing a brahmin) will be remitted by drinking the water of Sālagrāma and he will attain heaven. Basil (tulasī) sandalwood, water, conch tinkling bell, wheel, stone, copper pot, and name of Viṣṇu comprise ‘Padāmṛta’ (the celestial nectar of words) which is said to have the power of remitting sins. The merits obtained by bathing in all the tīrthas and the performing of all the yāgas (sacrifices) dwell in each drop of water of Sālagrāma. [Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa, Chapter 20].

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