Ayodhya-kanda - Doha 301 to 310

Sri Ramcharitmanas is a great Hindu scripture and poetic classic written by Goswami Tulsidas.

Doha - 301
Seeing every man and woman both of Ayodhya and Mithila afflicted and downcast, Indra, who was most malicious at heart, sought his own happiness by killing those that were already dead.

Though king of gods, Indra is the worst specimen of deceitfulness and villainy; he loves others' loss and his own gain. The wasy of Indra (the slayer of the demon Paka) are like those of a crow-crafty, malicious and trusting none. Having conceived an evil design in the first instance he wove a net of wiles, and made everyone a victim of ennui by throwing the net on the head of each. He then infatuated all by exerting the deluding potency of the gods; bt they could not be wholly deprived of the affection they bore for Sri Rama. Overcome as they all were be fear and ennui, they were all distracted. Now they conceived a liking for the woods and the very next moment they loved to be at their home. The people were afflicted by this vaccillating attitude of their mind even as the water at the mouth of a river is tossed on both sides. Wavering in mind, they did not derive solace anywhere nor did they disclose their heart to one another. Observing this, the all-compassionate Lord smiled within Himself and said, "The cannie race, Indra and reckless youth are alike in nature."

Doha - 302
Barring Bharata, King Janaka, the host of sages, the ministers and enlightened sains the deluding potency of the gods prevailed on all according to the susceptibility of each.

The Ocean of Compassion Sri Rama, saw the people agitated, on the one hand, by the affection they bore towards Himself on the other, mighty trick played by Indra the bord of celestials. The assembly, King Janaka, the preceptor (the sage Vasistha), the other Brahmanas and the ministers, all had their wits hampered by Bharata's devotion (to Sri Rama). Like figures drawn in a painting they regarded Sri Rama and uttered with diffidence words which they had been taught to repeat as it were. Bharata's affection, courtesy, modesty and nobility were delightful to hear bt difficult to describe. seeing a minute particle of his devotion the host of sages and the King of Mithila were absorbed in love; how, then, can I, I Tulasidas, speak of his glory? It is his devotion and noble sentiments that have inspired sublime thoughts in the poet's mind. When it cam to know of its own poverty and the magnitude of Bharata's glory, it shrank into out of respect for the barriers imposed by the race of bards. Though greatly enamoured of his virtues it is unable to describe them; the poet's wit finds itself as helpess as an infant's speech.

Doha - 303
Bharata's unatarnished glory is like the moon without its spot while the poit's brilliant wit is like the young of a Cakora bird that remains gazing with unwinking eyes when it sees the moon rising in the heavens of guileless devotee's heart.

Bharata's noble sentiment cannot be easily grasped even by the Vedas; pardon, therefore, O poets!  the frivolity of my poor wits. By doscissing Bharata's genuine love who will not get devoted to the feet of Sita and Sri Rama? Is there anyone so vile as the man who is not easily inspired with love for Sri Rama by the very thought of Bharata? Seeing the plight of all and knowing what was in the mind of His devotee (Bharata) and after fully considering the place, time, occasion and gathering, the all-possessed and prudent, and an ocean of truth, love, amiability and joy, nay, who respeted the laws of propriety and was faithful in His love, spoke words which formed the very essence as it were of eloquence and which were salutary in consequence an sweet as nectar to hear: "Dear, Bharata, you are an upholder of righteousness, well-versed in secular lore as well as in the Vedas and adept in love.

Doha - 304
"Pure in thought, word and deed, you only compeer, dear brother. In this assembly of elders and in such adverse circumstance how can I recount the virtues of a younger brother?"

"You are conversant, dear borther with the traditions of the solar race, and know how truthful and how fond of fame our father was. You are also alive to the gravity of the occasion, the circumstances in which we are placed and the considerastion we should have for the feelings of our elders and further know the mind of your friends, foes and neutrals. You are also aware of everyone's duty as well as of what is best for you and me and of what we should do. I have entire confidence in you; yet I say something appropriate to the occasion. In the absence of our preceptor's family; otherwise our subjects our kinsment, our own people and ourselves, all would have been undone. I f the sun (the lord of the day) sets before time, tell me, who in this world will not be subjected to hardship? A similar calamity was visited upon us by Providence, but the sage Vasistha and the lord of Mithila saved everything."

Doha - 305
"Not only the affairs of the state, but our bonour and fair name, our virtue, land, riches and houses, everything will be protected our Guru's glory and all will be well in the end."

"A home as well as in the woods our preceptor's goodwill alone will protech both you and me as well as those about us. Obedience to one's father and mother, preceptor and master is the prop of all virtues. Even as as Sesa (the lord of serpents) supports the globe on his head. Therefore, obey their commands yourself and help me do the same, and be the saviour of the solar race, dear brother. This is the one discipline that bestows all success upon the striver and like the triple stream of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraasvati at Prayaga combines fame, salvation and prosperity. considering this and even though enduring great hardship make your subjects and your own people happy. My woe has been shared by all; but your lot will be the hardest for the whole term of my exile. I know you to be tender-hearted, yet am speaking repugnant words to you; but the time are so out joint that this will not be unjustifiable on my part. In hard times are so out of joint that this will not be unjustifiable on my part. In hard times good brothers alone stand one in  good stead; it is by one's arms alone that one parrier the strokes even of a thunderbolt."

Doha - 306
"Servants should be like hands, feet and eyes; while a master should be like a mouth Hearing of this (ideal) way of love (between a master and his servants) good poets offer their tribute to the same."

Hearing the speech of Sri Rama (the chief of Raghus), which was imbued as it were with the nectar churned out of the ocean of love, the whole assembly was lost in a trance of affection. Even goddess Sarada was struck dumbs at their sight. Bharata derived supreme consolation; now that his master was propitious to him, woe and evil truned away from him. He now wore a cheerful countenance and the heaviness of his heart was gone; it seemed as if dumb man had been favoured by the goddess of speech He then made loving obeisane and spoke with his lotus palams joined together: "My lord, I have derrived the joy of having accompanied you and have also obtained the reward of being born into this world. Now, my gracious lord, whatever be Your command, I will bow to it and carry it out with reverence. Pray vouchsafe to me, good sir, some tangible support by serving which I may be enabled to reach the end of the term of your exile.

Doha - 307
"In obedience to our preceptor's command my lord, I have brought for your coronation water from all holy places; what are your orders respecting the same?"

"I have one great longing at heart at heart; but due to fear and diffidence I am unable to mention it. "Tell me, dear brother, what it is." Thus receiving the Lord's permission Bharata replied in words sweetened by love: "With your permission I would go and streams, springs and hills and particularly the land adorned with my lord's footprints" "Certainly, do as the sage Atri bids you do, dear brother, and wander without fear throught the woods. It is the sage's blessings, brother, which makes the forest fear auspicious, holy and exquisitely beautiful. Deposit  the water from holy places wherever the chief of sages. Atri, directs you." On hearing the reply of his lord Bharata rejoiced and cheerfully went and bowed his head at the lotus feet of the sage (Atri)

Doha - 308
The selfish gods, when they heard this conversation between Bharata and Sri Rama which was a fountain of all fair blessings, applauded the race of Raghu and rained down from the tree of paradise.

"Praised be Bharata's and glory to our lord, Sri exlaimed the gods with great exultation.The sage Vasistha, the lord of Mithila and everyone in the assmbly rejoiced to hear Bharata's words. Thrilling all over with joy King Videha extolled the host of virtues and affection both of Bharata and Sri Rama. The ministers and all others present in the assembly were overwhelmed with love even as they began to praise, each according to the best of his ability, the charming disposition both of the master and the servant, their fidelity and love, the purest of the pure. In both camps a mixed feeling of joy and sorrow throbbed in the heart of all as they continued to hear the conversation between Sri Rama and Bharata. realizing joy and sorrow alike, Rama's mother comforted the other queen-mothers(her co-wives) by recounting Sri Rama's virtues. Some would glorify the Hero of Raghu's race, while others praised Bharata's goodness.

Doha - 309
Then said Atri to Bharata, "There is a beautiful well adjoining the hill; the water from the sacred places, which is so holy, sweet as nectar and incomparable, may be deposited in it."

On receiving Atri's command, Bharata despatched (ahead of himself) all the vessels containing the holy water and himself repaired with his younger brother (Satrughna) and the sage Atri and other hermits and holy men to the well, which was fathomless in its depth, and deposited the holy water in that sacred place.Trasported with joy the sage. Atri lovingly thus: "This place has brought success to the striver from without beginning; having been obscured by time it was known to none. My servants marked this soil as rich in subterrranean springs of water and dug a big well in it with a view to securing good water. By a decree of Providence the whole whorld has been benefited (by dropping in this well the water from holy places) and the idea of religious merit (accruing from a bath in this well), which was most incomprehensible (to the ordinary intellect) has become easily intelligible to all. People will now call it by the name of Bharatakupa (a well sacred to the memory of Bharata) Its sanctity has been inhanced because water from all holy places has been mixed into it. People who take a plunge into it with devotion and with due ecremony will become pure in thought, word and deed.

Doha - 310
Telling one another the glory of the well all returned to the hermitage of Sri Rama, the Lord of Raghus; and the sage Atri pointed out to the Chief of Raghus the purifying power of that holy place.

The night was pleasantly spent in narrating sacred legends with love till it was dawn. Having finished their morning routine and receiving the permission of Sri Rama, Atri and the preceptor (the sage Vasistha), the two brothers, Bharata and Satrughna, proceeded on foot to roam about in the forest associated with the name of Sri Rama, accompanied by their followers, all in simple attire. Feeling inwardly uncomfortable at the thought that the two brotherws walked without shoes on their tender feet, Earth made the paths delightful and smooth, while a refreshing breeeze breathed cool, soft and fragrant. The gods rained down flowers; the clouds afforded shade; the trees blssomed and bore fruit; the grass made the earth's surface soft; the deer cast their charming glances; while the birds whispered their sweet notes; in this way all offered their services to the two princes, whom they knew to be Sri Rama's beloved brothers.


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Last Updated : February 22, 2011

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