Ayodhya-kanda - Doha 41 to 50

Sri Ramcharitmanas is a great Hindu scripture and poetic classic written by Goswami Tulsidas.

Doha - 41

"In the forest I shall get more frequent opportunities of meeting hermits, which will be beneficial to me in everyway. On top of it I have my father's command and your approval to boot, mother."


"Again Bharata, who is dear to me as life, will get the sovereignty: God is propitious to me in every respect today. If refuse to proceeed to the woods even under such circumstances, I should be reckoned foremost in an assembly of fools. Those who nurture a castor-oil plant leaving the tree of paraadise and barter away nectar for poison, they too will not lose an opportunity like this should they ever get it: ponder this fact in your mind and realize it, mother. Only one thing pains me most, mother; I am grieved to see the king sore distressed. That my father should be so overwhelmed with is stout of heart and a fathomless ocean of goodness; I must have committed some great offence, which prevents the king from speaking out his mind to me. I adjure you, therefore, to tell me the truth."

Doha - 42

The words of Sri Rama (the Chief of Raghus) were artless and strainghtforward, yet the evil-minded Kaikeyi gave them a perverse twist. A leech much always move obliquely even though the water on which it moves has a smooth surface.


The queen rejoiced to find Sri Rama inclined towards her proposal and said with a false show of affection, "I swear by yourself and Bharata that no other cause of the king's afflicition is known to me. You are hardly capable of any offence, dear son, a source of delight that you are to your parents and brothers. What you say is all true; you are devoted to the words of your father and mother. I adjure you to argue with your father that he may not incur opprobrium in the evening of his life. It is hardly desirable for him to desregard the virtues (truthfulness etc.) that have fetched fim a son like Gaya beautify the accursed land of Magadha (South Bihar). All these words from His stemmother sounded pleasant to Rama in the same way as waters of all kinds are hallowed through their confluence with the holy Ganga.

Doha - 43

The King's spell of unconsciousness now left him; he remembered Rama and then changed sides. And the minister (Sumantra) informed him of Sri Rama's arrival and made humble submission to him in words appropriate to the occasion.


Hearing that Sri Rama had come, the king recovered himself and opened his eyes. The minister (Sumantra) helped his soverign to a sitting posture, when the latter beheld Rama falling at his feet. Overwhelmed with emotion the king clasped Him to his bosom as though a serpent had regained its lost gem. The monarch kept gazing on Sri Rama and a torrent of tears streamed forth from his eyes. Overpowered with grief he could not utter a word and pressed the prince to his heart again and again, He inwardly prayed to God that the Lord of Raghus (Sri Rama) might not be able to proceed to the woods. Invoking the mighty Lord Siva he solivited Him saying, "Hear my prayer, O ever-blissful Lord ! Quickly pleased and indiscreetly generous as You are, pray relieve my affliction knowing me to be in distress.

Doha - 44

"Dwelling as You do in the heart of all as the prompter of actions, so inspire Rama that he may flout my word and stay at home casting the wind all sense of propriety and filal affection."


"Let world-wide disrepute be my lot and let my good name perosh; I would fain be damned to perdition adn forgo heaven (the abode immortals). Subject me to all severe hardships; but let not Rama be screened from my view. "The king thus prayed within his heart but did not open his lips; his mind quivered like an aspen leaf. Perceiving that His father was overpowered with affection, and apprehending that mother Kaikeyi might utter something again, the Lord of Raghus (Sri Rama) spoke after due deliberation words which were not only humble but also suited to the place, time and circumstances. "Dear father, I make bold to submit something; pray forgive this impropriety on my pary knowing that I am yet tender of age. You have suffered for a most trifling matter; and the pity of it is that nobody apprized me of it before. When I saw you I asked mother Kaikeyi, and was consoled to hear what she has told me. "

Doha - 45

"Grieve not out of affection at a time of rejoicing dear father, and command me with a glad heart."The Lord felt a thrill of joy all over his body as He spoke these words.


"Blessed is his birth on the surface of this earth, whose father is rejoiced to hear of his doing. He has in his hand all the four prizes of life, (viz., religious merit, material riches, sensuous gratification and final beatitude), to whom his parents are dear as life. After carrying out your order and having obtained the reward of my life I shall come back soon therefore be pleased to command me. In the meantime I shall ask leave of mother Kausalya and return forthwith; then I shall proceed to the woods after throwing myself once more at your feet." So spoke Sri Rama and then departed; while the king was too overpowered with grief to make any answer, This most unwelcome news spread throughout the city as though the sting of a scorpion had circulated its poison throughout the body. Every man and woman who heard this was distressed even as trees and creepers are blasted at the very sight of a forest fire. Whoever heard it beat his head wherever he happened to be; the grief was too great to be borne.

Doha - 46

Their mouths were parched, their eyes streamed and their heart could not contain their sorrow; it seemed as though th army of Pathos had openly pitched its camp at Ayodhya.


"When everything was ready, God upset the whole plan!" Everywhere people abused Kaikeyi. "What sense could there be in this wicked woman having set fire to a house that had been newly thatched ! She seeks to perceive after tearing out her eyes with her own hands, and wishes to taste poison throwing away nectar. This crooked hard-hearted and evil-minded wretch has a appeared as fire to burn the cluster of bamboos in the shape of Raghu's race. Sitting on a twig she has hewn the tree itself; in the midst of joy she has raised a structure of sorrow. Sri Rama had always been dear to her as life: What has led her to resort to such perversity? Seers have truly said that a woman's mind is altogether incomprehensible, unfathomable and shrouded in mystery. Sooner may a man catch his own reflection than know the ways of a woman.

Doha - 47

"What is there that fire cannot consume; what is there that cannot be engulfed by the ocean ? What is there that a powerful woman, miscalled powerless (Abala)in common parlance, cannot accomplish and what creature is there in this perishable world, that death cannot devour?"


"Having first ordained one thing the Creator has now ordained quite the reverse of it; having shown us one spectacle he would now show us quite another." Some people said, " The king has not done well; he has not been discreet in grantomg tje4 wicked woman her request, whereby he has wilfully courted all this tragedy. By allowing himself to be ruled by a woman he has lost his wisdom and goodness as it were." Others who were saner did not blame the king. recognizing as they did his high standard of morality. They repeated at length to one another the narratives of Sibi, Dadhici and Hariscandra Some suggested Bharata's connivance, while still others pasively heard what their companions said Others stopped their ears with their hands and bit their tongue as they exclaimed, "This is untrue. All merits will be destroyed as you utter these words: Sri Rama is dear to Bharata as his own life. "

Doha - 48

"Sooner shall the moon rain sparks of fire or nectar have the same effect as poison than Bharata ever dream of doing anything prejudicial to the interests of Sri Rama."


Some blamed the Creator, who had offered nectar but actually given them poison. The whole city was astire and everyone felt distressed. There was deep agony in their heart and their briskness was gone. Brahmana matrons and other venerable and elderly ladies of the royal family and such other ladies as were most dear to Kaikeyi bagan to expostulate with her prasing her amiability; but their words pierced her like shafts. "You have always said, and the whole world knows it, that Bharata is not so dear to you as Rama. You have borne natural affection towards Rama; for what offience do you exile him to the woods today? You have never harboured jealousy towards you co-wives; you loving disposition and credulity are known throughout the land. What wrong has Kausalya done you now due to which you should have hurled this thunderbolt against the whole city.

Doha - 49

"Will Sita forgo the company of Sri Rama or Laksmana choose to stay at home? Will Bharata enjoy the sovereignty of Ayodhya or the king survive without Rama?


"Pondering thus banish anger from your breast nor make yourself a storehouse of grief and infamy. By all means instal Bharata as the Prince-Regent; but what need is there for exiling Rama to the forest? Rama is not covetous of sovereignty; he is a champion of righteousness and live with his preceptor; ask this of the king as your second boon. In case you do not follow our advice, you will gain nothing. If you have only played some joke, let us know by openly declaring it. Does a son like Rama deserve to be exiled to the woods? What will the world say about you when they hear of it? Up quickly and devise some means to avert grief and obloquy."

"Devise some means to avert grief and infamy and save your family. Forcibly dissuade Rama from proceeding to the woods and make no other suggestion. As the day without the sun, as the body without life and the night without the moon, so the city of Ayodhya without the Lord of Tulasidasa, Sri Rama! just consider this, O iracible lady."

Doha - 50

The advice that Kaikeyi's friends gave her was agreeable to hear and salutary in consequence. But she gave no ear to it, tutored as she was by the mischievous humpback.


She gave no reply and wore a sullen look due to anger that could not be easily curbed. She stared at them as a hungry tigress would gaze on a herd of does. Finding her disease incurable, her friends left her saying as they went, "Wretched fool ! Fate could not brook her sovereignty and has betrayed her. She has done what nobody else would do. "Men and women of the city thus lamented and showered numberless abuses on the wicked woman. They burned with terrible agony and sighed. "There can be no hope of life without Rama, "they said. The people were disconcerted at the thought of long separation even as aquatic creatures get disturbed when water in which they live begins to fail, Men and women alike were overcome with excessive grief. In the meantime Lord Sri Rama called on His mother (Kausalya). He wore a cheerful look and had fourfold joy in his heart; He no longer feared lest the king should detain him.


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Last Updated : February 17, 2011

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