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प्रतीप

A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
प्रतीप  mfn. mf()n. (fr.प्रति+अप्; cf.अनूप, द्वीप, समीप), ‘against the stream’, ‘ag° the grain’, going in an opposite direction, meeting, encountering, adverse, contrary, opposite, reverse, [MBh.] ; [R.] ; [Ragh.] &c.
inverted, out of order, [Suśr.] ; [Var.]
displeasing, disagreeable, [Mn.] ; [MBh.] ; [R.] ; [Hariv.]
resisting, refractory, cross, obstinate
impeding, hindering, [BhP.] ; [MBh.] ; [R.] &c. backward, retrograde
turned away, averted, [W.]
प्रतीप  m. m. an adversary, opponent, [BhP.]
N. of a prince, the father of शांतनु and grandfather of भीष्म, [AV.] ; [MBh.] ; [Hariv.] &c.
प्रतीप  n. n. (in rhet.) inverse comparison (e.g. ‘the lotus resembles thine eyes’, instead of the usual comparison ‘thine resemble the ’; 5 forms are enumerated), [Kuval.] ; [Pratāp.] ; [Sāh.] ; [Kpr.]
N. of a gram. wk.
प्रतीप  n. n. against, [RV.] &c. &c.
in return, [Bālar.]
in inverted order, [Mn.]
गम्   refractorily (with √ , to resist, [Śak.] ; with अभ्य्-उप-√ गम्, to go against, oppose, [R.] )

प्रतीप [pratīpa] a.  a. [प्रतिगताः आपो यत्र, प्रतिअप् अच्, अप ईप् च्]
Contrary, unfavourable, adverse, opposite; तत्प्रतीप- पवनादि वैकृतम् [R.11.62;] [Ki.14.6.]
Reverse, inverted, out of order.
Backward, retrograde.
Disagreeable, displeasing.
Refractory, disobedient, obstinate, perverse; प्रेष्यः प्रतीपोऽधिकृतः प्रमादी (त्याज्याः) [Pt.1.424.]
Turned away, averted.
Meeting, encountering.
Hindering.
पः N. of a king, father of Śantanu and grand-father of Bhīṣma.
An adversary, opponent; चरति मयि रणे यश्च यश्च प्रतीपः [Ve.3.32.]
-पम्  N. N. of a figure of speech in which the usual form of comparison is inverted, the उपमान being compared with the उपमेय; प्रतीपमुपमानस्याप्युपमेयत्वकल्पनम् । त्वल्लोचनसमं पद्मं त्वद्वक्त्रसदृशो विधुः ॥ [Chandr.5.9;] (for fuller definitions and explanation see K. P.1 under प्रतीप).
-पम्   ind.
On the contrary.
In an inverted order.
Against, in opposition to; भर्तृर्विप्रकृतापि रोषणतया मा स्म प्रतीपं गमः [Ś.4.18.] -Comp.
-उक्तिः   contradiction.-ग a.
going against.
adverse, unfavourable; तस्य जातु मरुतः प्रतीपगाः [R.11.58.]
-गमनम्, -गतिः  f. f. retrograde motion; अम्भसामोघसंरोधः प्रतीपगमनादिव [Ku.2.25.] -तरणम् going or sailing against the stream; स्रोतोजवोह्य- मानस्य प्रतीपतरणं हि तत् [V.2.5.]
-दर्शिनी   a woman.-दीपकम् a particular figure of speech.
वचनम् contradiction.
a perverse or evasive manner of speaking.
-विपाकिन् a.  a. producing the opposite result (recoiling on the doer); फलमनुभवत्युग्रं पापः प्रतीपविपाकिनः [Māl.5.26.]

Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
प्रतीप  mfn.  (-पः-पा-पं)
1. Turned away, having the face averted.
2. Back- wards, following an order or course the reverse of natural, against the grain or stream.
3. Retrograde, coming back.
4. Disobedient, refractory, perverse.
5. Cross, contradictory.
6. Disagreeable, dis- pleasing.
 m.  (-पः) The father of SĀNTANU, and grandfather of BHĪSHMA.
 n.  (-पं) Comparing Upamāna or a new object with Upa- meya or the established object, as with the moon, &c., inverse comparison. There are five forms of this figure according to some, and four according to others; some contend that it is not a [Page484-b+ 60] separate figure but a form of Upamā.
E. प्रति before, अप् water, and the changed to by special rule.

A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
pratīpa n S A figure in rhetoric. A reverse illustration; adducing in illustration that which usually is the illustrated subject; as the comparing of the full moon to a beautiful face.

प्रतीप n.  (सो. कुरु.) एक विख्यात कुरुवंशीय राजा, जो भागवत, विष्णु, मत्स्य, भविष्य और वायु के अनुसार, भीमसेन का प्रपौत्र और दिलीप का पुत्र था । किन्तु महाभारत में इसे भीमसेन राजा का पुत्र कहा गया है, एवं केकय राजकन्या सुकुमारी को इसकी माता कहा गया है । इसे परिश्रवस् (पर्यश्रवस्) नामांतर भी प्राप्त है [म.आ.९०.४५] । यह ब्रह्मदत्त राजा का समकालीन था, एवं भीष्म का पितामह था [ह.वं.१.२०.११-१२] । महाभारत में इसका वंशक्रम निम्न प्रकार दिया गया हैः
प्रतीप (प्राप्तिसुत्वन) n.  अथर्ववेद में निर्दिष्ट एक राजा [अ.वे.२०.१२९.२] ;[ऐ. ब्रा.६.३३.२] । सांख्यायन श्रौतसूत्र में इसे केवल ‘प्रतिसुत्वन’ कहा गया है, जिस शब्द की निरुक्ति बौटलिंग के अनुसार यह है
प्रतीप II. n.  ब्रह्मसावर्णि मन्वन्तर के सप्तर्षियों में से एक ऋषि ।

Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
PRATĪPA   A King of Candravaṁśa (Lunar dynasty). He was the father of King Śantanu. There is a story behind the birth of the son Śantanu to Pratīpa. One day this Rājarṣi was worshipping the Sun-god in the waters of the river Gaṅgā, when a beautiful maiden rose from the waters and sat on the right thigh of the royal ascetic. The King was embarrassed and he told her thus:--“Oh sweet girl, who are you? Do you realise what an unrighteous deed you have done? Why did you thus climb on my thigh without seeking my permission? The right thigh is for the daughter and the wife of the son. Since you have thus sat on my right thigh, you shall be the wife of my son when one is born to me.” Hearing this the maiden jumped out from the thigh of the King and left the place and the King went to his palace. After some time Pratīpa got a son named Śantanu. Śantanu was none other than emperor Mahābhiṣak who was forced to be born on earth due to a curse of Brahmā. When Śantanu came of age Pratīpa decided to spend the rest of his life in forests and calling his son to his side gave him all advice and added “Son, perhaps a maiden may come to you and if she comes accept her as your wife. Do not ask her about her identity. By making her your truthful wife you will acquire a great many benefits.” Pratīpa, thereafter, entrusted the kingdom to his son and after performing severe penance in the forests attained divyaloka. [2nd Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata] .

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