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नियम्

A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
नि-√ यम्   P.-यच्छति, to stop (trans.), hold back, detain with (loc.) ;
(Ā.) to stop (intrans.), stay, remain, [RV.];
to keep back, refuse;
(Ā.) to fail, be wanting, ib.;
to fasten, tie to (loc.), bind up (hair &c.), ib. &c. &c.;
to hold over, extend (शर्म), [AV.];
to hold downwards (the hand), [TS.];
to bring near, procure, bestow, grant, offer, present (rain, gifts &c.), [RV.]; [AV.]; [Br.] &c.;
to hold in, keep down, restrain, control, govern, regulate (as breath, the voice, the organs of sense &c.), [Mn.]; [MBh.] &c.;
to suppress or conceal (one's nature), [Mn. x, 59];
to destroy, annihilate (opp. to √ सृज्), [BhP.];
to restrict (food &c.; cf. below);
to fix upon, settle, determine, establish, [Sarvad.]; [Kathās.]; [BhP.]; [Kāś.] on [Pāṇ. 2-3, 66];
(in gram.) to lower, pronounce low i.e. with the अनुदात्त, [RPrāt.] :
Caus.-यमयति, to restrain, curb, check, suppress, restrict, [MBh.]; [Kāv. &c.]
See also: नि - √ यम्

नियम् [niyam]   1 [P.]
To restain, curb, check, control, govern; प्रकृत्या नियताः स्वया [Bg.7.2;] (सुतां) शशाक मेना न नियन्तुमुद्यमात् [Ku.5.5;] 'could not dissuade her', &c.
To suppress, suspend, hold in (as breath, &c.); [Ms. 2.192;] न कथंचन दुर्योनिः प्रकृतिं स्वां नियच्छति [Ms.1.59] 'does not suppress or conceal', &c.
To offer, give; को नः कुले निवपनानि नियच्छतीति [Ś.6.25.]
To punish, chastise; नियन्तव्यश्च राजभिः [Ms.9.213.]
To regulate or direct in general; लोको नियम्यत इवात्मदशान्तरेषु [Ś.4.2.]
To attain, obtain; तालज्ञश्चाप्रयासेन मोक्षमार्गं नियच्छति [Y.3.115;] [Ms.2.93.]
To put on, assume.
To place upon.-Caus. (नियमयति)
To restrain, control, regulate, check, punish; नियमयसि विमार्गप्रस्थितानात्तदण्डः [Ś.5.8.]
To bind, fasten; [Śi.7.56;] [R.5.73.]
To moderate, lessen, mitigate, relieve; छायाद्रुमैर्नियमितार्कमयूखतापः [Ś.4.11;] [Ku.1.6.]

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