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बृहद्यात्रा - तितिगुण

‘ गणित ज्योतिष' या विषयावरील वराहमिहीराने लिहीलेला हा ग्रंथ ज्योतिषप्रेमींसठी अत्यंत उपयोगी आहे


नन्दा भद्रा विजयाश् चाथ रिक्ताः पूर्णाश् चैताः फलम् एवं विदध्युः ।

नेष्टा मध्या प्रवराश् चेति शुक्ले कृण्णे चिन्त्यास् तिथयस् ताः प्रतीपाः ॥

सर्वाः शस्तास् तिथयः शुक्लपक्षे हित्वा त्र्य्ंशं बहुले ऽन्त्यं च कैश्चित् ।

षष्ठ्यष्टम्योर् वसुलब्धापि याता द्वादश्यां वा नाशम् आशु प्रयाति ॥

प्रतिपदि फलम् एके पञ्चदश्यां च नेष्टं जगुर् इदम् इति तज्ज्ञैर् याप्यम् एवावधार्यम् ।

किम् अपि किम् अपि नूनं तैः समीक्ष्योक्तम् एतत् समवचनविघाते युक्तता केन चिन्त्या ॥

Translation - भाषांतर

References : N/A
Last Updated : 2012-01-16T20:50:38.9700000

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GHAṆṬĀKARṆA I(घण्टाकर्ण)

  • 1) General.
    Ghaṇṭa and Karṇa were two Rākṣasa brothers who attained salvation by worshipping Viṣṇu. [Bhāgavata, daśama Skandha]. But the elder brother, Ghaṇṭa alone is sometimes called by the name Ghaṇṭākarṇa in the Purāṇas.
    2) Birth.
    There is a reference in Dārukavadha (killing of Dārukāsura) about the birth of Ghaṇṭākaṛṇa. Dāruka, after having secured a boon from Brahmā, used to harass the world too much and when his depredation hecame unbearable Śiva created Bhadrakālī from his third eye and she killed the asura. Mandodarī wife of Dāruka and daughter of Maya was sunk in grief at the death of her husband. She began to do tapas. Śiva appeared and gave her a few drops of sweat from his body saying that the person on whom she sprinkled the sweat drops would suffer from small-pox and that such patients would worship her (Mandodarī) and supply her necessary food. From that day onwards Mandodarī became the presiding deity over small-pox. On her way back to the earth with the sweat-drops Mandodarī met Bhadrakālī at whom she threw the sweatdrops to take revenge for her husband's death. Immediately Bhadrakālī fell down with an attack of small-pox. Hearing about the mishap Śiva created a terrible Rākṣasa called Ghaṇṭākarṇa. According to Śiva's directions Ghaṇṭākarṇa licked off the small-pox from Bhadrakālī's body. But, when he tried to lick it off from her face she prevented him saying that she and Ghaṇṭākarṇa were sister and brother and that it was improper for the brother to lick the face of the sister. And, even to this day the small-pox on Bhadrakālī's face remains as an ornament to her.
    3) The name Ghaṇṭākarṇa.
    This Rākṣasa, at first, was an enemy of Viṣṇu, and did not tolerate even the mention of Viṣṇu's name. Therefore, he went about always wearing a bell so that the tinkling of it warded off the name of Viṣṇu from entering his ears. Because he wore a ghaṇṭā (bell) in his Karṇas (ears) he came to be known as Ghaṇṭākarṇa. [M.B. Bhaviṣya Parva, Chapter 80].
    4) Turned out to be a devotee of Viṣṇu.
    Ghaṇṭākarṇa became a servant of Kubera. Once he did tapas for salvation. Śiva appeared and asked him to do tapas to please Viṣṇu as Viṣṇu was greater than himself (Śiva). From that day onwards he removed the bells from his ears and became a devotee of Viṣṇu. [Bhaviṣya Parva, Chapter 80].
    5) Attained salvation.
    Handing over charge of government to Sātyaki Śrī Kṛṣṇa once went to Kailāsa mounted on Garuḍa to see Śiva. On his way he dismounted at the Badaryāśrama, and while sitting deep in meditation there he heard the thundering voice of Piśācas (souls of dead people roaming about without attaining salvation). He also heard the barking of dogs, and thus he understood that Piśācas were hunting animals. The hunters came to Kṛṣṇa's presence. They were led by Ghaṇṭākarṇa who was reciting the name of Viṣṇu. Śrī Kṛṣṇa felt pity for him. Ghaṇṭākarṇa told Kṛṣṇa that his aim and ambition were to see Viṣṇu and that Śiva had blessed that he would realise his ambition at Badaryāśrama. Pleased at all this, Śrī Kṛṣṇa revealed his Viśvarūpa (representing in his person the whole universe), and at once Ghaṇṭākarṇa brought half of the corpse of a brahmin and submitted it as a present before the Lord. He explained to Kṛṣṇa that according to the custom of the Rākṣasas that was the best present which could be made. Without accepting the present Kṛṣṇa patted Ghaṇṭākarṇa on his back with the result that he cast off his body and rose up to Vaikuṇṭha. [Bhaviṣya Purāṇa, Chapters 80-82 ];[ Bhāgavata, Daśama Skandha].
    6) Ghaṇṭākarṇa Pratiṣṭhā.
    (Installation of his idol in temples). Though Ghaṇṭākarṇa was a Rākṣasa, as he attained Vaikuṇṭha due to the blessings of God Almighty his idol is still installed in temples and worshipped. The installation ceremony is described in [Chapter 59 of the Agni Purāṇa] thus: “Ghaṇṭākarṇa should have 18 hands. He cures diseases born as a result of sins. He holds in his right hand Vajra, sword, Cakra, arrow etc. And in his left hand broom, sword, cord bell, pickaxe etc. He also holds the triśūla (trident). Ghaṇṭākarṇa who turned out to be a Deva is believed to cure small-pox.

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