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ब्राह्मण

A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
ब्राह्मण  mfn. mfn. relating to or given by a Brāhman, befitting or becoming a Br°, Brāhmanical, [AV.]; [TBr.]; [MBh.]
ब्राह्मण  m. m. one who has divine knowledge (sometimes applied to अग्नि), a Brāhman, a man belonging to the 1st of the 3 twice-born classes and of the 4 original divisions of the Hindū body (generally a priest, but often in the present day a layman engaged in non-priestly occupations although the name is strictly only applicable to one who knows and repeats the वेद), [RV.] &c. &c.
ब्राह्मणाच्छंसिन्   = , KātyŚr.
a Brāhman in the second stage (between मात्र and श्रोत्रिय), [Hcat.]
N. of the 28th lunar mansion, [L.]
ब्राह्मण  n. n. that which is divine, the divine, [AV.]
sacred or power, ib.; [ĀśvGṛ.]
Brāhmanical explanation, explanations of sacred knowledge or doctrine (esp. for the use of the Brāhmans in their sacrifices), [Br.]
विधि   the ब्राह्मण portion of the वेद (as distinct from its मन्त्र and उपनिषद् portion) and consisting of a class of works called ब्राह्मणs (they contain rules for the employment of the मन्त्रs or hymns at various sacrifices, with detailed explanations of their origin and meaning and numerous old legends; they are said by सायण to contain two parts: 1. , rules or directions for rites; 2. अर्थ-वाद, explanatory remarks; each वेद has its own ब्राह्मण, that of the [RV.] is preserved in 2 works, viz. the ऐतरेय, sometimes called आश्वलायन, and the कौषीतकि or शाङ्खायन-ब्राह्मण; the white यजुर्-वेद has the शत-पथ-Br°; the black यजुर्-वेद has the तैत्तिरीय-Br° which differs little from the text of its संहिता; the [SV.] has 8 Br°s, the best known of which are the प्रौढ or पञ्च-विंश and the षड्विंश; the [AV.] has one Br° called गो-पथ), [Nir.]; [GṛŚrS.] &c.
the सोम vessel of the ब्रह्मन् priest, [RV.]; [AV.]
a society or assemblage of Brāhmans, a conclave, [W.]
ब्राह्मण [brāhmaṇa] a.  a. (-णी f.) [ब्रह्म वेदं शुद्धं चैतन्यं वा वेत्त्वधीते वा अण्]
Belonging to a Brāhmaṇa.
Befitting a Brāhmaṇa.
Given by a Brāhmaṇa.
Relating to religious worship.
One who knows Brahma.
णः A man belonging to the first of the four original castes of the Hindus, a Brāhmaṇa (born from the mouth of the puruṣa); ब्राह्मणोऽस्य मुखमासीत् [Rv.1.9.] 12; [Ms.1.31,96;] (जन्मना ब्राह्मणो ज्ञेयः संस्कारैर्द्विज उच्यते । विद्यया याति विप्रत्वं त्रिभिः श्रोत्रिय उच्यते ॥ or जात्या कुलेन वृत्तेन स्वाध्यायेन श्रुतेन च । एभिर्युक्तो हि यस्तिष्ठेन्नित्यं स द्विज उच्यते ॥).
A priest, theologian.
An epithet of Agni.
 N. N. of the twentyeighth Nakṣatra.
णम् An assemblage or society of Brāhmaṇas.
That portion of the Veda which states rules for the employment of the hymns at the various sacrifices, their origin and detailed explanation, with sometimes lengthy illustrations in the shape of legends or stories. It is distinct from the Mantra portion of the Veda.
 N. N. of that class of the Vedic works which contain the Brāhmaṇa portion (regarded as Śruti or part of the revelation like the hymns themselves). Each of the four Vedas has its own Brāhmaṇa or Brāhmaṇas: ऐतरेय or आश्व- लायन and कौषीतकी or सांख्यायन belonging to the Ṛigveda; शतपथ to the Yajurveda, पञ्चविंश and षड्विंश and six more to the Sāmaveda, and गोपथ to the Atharvaveda.
The Soma vessel of the Brahman priest. -Comp.
-अतिक्रमः   offensive or disrespectful conduct towards Brāhmaṇas, insult to Brāhmaṇas; ब्राह्मणातिक्रमत्यागो भवता- मेव भूतये [Mv.2.1.]
-अगर्शनम्   absence of Brahmanical instruction or guidance; वृषलत्वं गता लोके ब्राह्मणादर्शनेन च [Ms.1.43.]
-अपाश्रयः   seeking shelter with Brāhma- ṇas.
-अभ्युपपत्तिः  f. f. protection or preservation of, or kindness shown to, a Brāhmaṇa; ब्राह्मणाभ्युपपत्तौ च शपथे नास्ति पातकम् [Ms.8.112.]
-आत्मक a.  a. belonging to Brāhmaṇas.
-घ्नः   the slayer of a Brāhmaṇa; स्त्रीबाल- ब्राह्मणघ्नांश्च हन्याद् द्विट्सेविनस्तथा [Ms.9.232.]
चाण्डालः a degraded or outcast Brāhmaṇa; यथा ब्राह्मणचाण्डालः पूर्व- दृष्टस्तथैव सः [Ms.9.87.]
the son of a Śūdra father by a Brāhmaṇa woman.
-जातम्, -जातिः  f. f. the Brāhmaṇa caste.
-जीविका   the occupation or means of livelihood prescribed for a Brāhmaṇa; अध्यापनमध्ययनं यजनं याजनं तथा । दानं प्रतिग्रहश्चैव षट्कर्माण्यग्रजन्मनः ॥ षण्णां तु कर्मणामस्य त्रीणि कर्माणि जीविका । याजनाध्यापने चैव विशुद्धाच्च प्रतिग्रहः ॥.
-द्रव्यम्, -स्वम्   a Brāhmaṇa's property.
-निन्दकः   a blasphemer or reviler of Brāhmaṇas.
-प्रसंगः   the applicability of the term Brāhmaṇa.
-प्रातिवेश्यः   a neighbouring Brāhmaṇa; ब्राह्मणप्रातिवेश्यानामेतदेवानिमन्त्रणे [Y.2.263.]
-प्रियः  N. N. of Viṣṇu.
-ब्रुवः   one who pretends to be a Brāhmaṇa, one who is a Brāhmaṇa only in name and neglects the duties of his caste; बहवो ब्राह्मणब्रुवा निवसन्ति Dk.; सममब्राह्मणे दानं द्विगुणं ब्राह्मणब्रुवे [Ms.7.85;8.2.]
-भावः   the rank or condition of a Brāhmaṇa.
-भूयिष्ठ a.  a. consisting for the most part of Brāhmaṇas.
-यष्टिका, -यष्टी   Clerodendrum Siphonantus (Mar. भारंग).
-वधः   the murder of a Brāhmaṇa, Brahmanicide.
-वाचनम्   the recitation of benedictions.
-संतर्पणम्   feeding or satisfying Brāhmaṇas.
ना.  द्विज , पंडित ( हिंदी ), भट , विप्र .
A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
To set food before Bráhmans.
 पु. 
आर्याच्या चार वर्णांतील पहिला वर्ण ; द्विज ; विप्र . कांहीं शब्दांपूर्वी हा शब्द जोडला असतां उज्वल , तेजस्वी असा अर्थ दर्शविला जातो . उदा० ब्राह्मणहिरा = पहिल्या प्रतीचा तेजस्वी हिरा ; ब्राह्मण भांग - सबजी - पिंपळ इ० = शुद्धतम जातीची भांग इ० ब्राह्मणांच्या जातींचीं कांहीं नांवें त्या त्या वर्गाच्या शब्दाखालीं दिलीं आहेत . पंचगौड व पंचद्रविड पहा .
ब्रह्मस्वरुप जाणणारा करितो ब्रह्मनिरुपण । जाणती ब्रह्मसंपूर्ण । तेचि जाणावे ब्राह्मण ब्रह्मविद . - दा ६ . ४ . ७६ .
दैव अथवा पितृकार्यात भोजनार्थ आमंत्रित व्यक्ति .
भिक्षुक . [ सं . ] ( वाप्र . ) म्ह० काळा ब्राह्मण गोरा शूद्र यांस पाहून कोपे रुद्र .
०घालणें   क्रि . ब्राह्मणास भोजन देणें .
०वाडप   क्रि . ( गो . ) ब्राह्मण घालणें . सामाशब्द -
०कासोटा  पु. ( राजा . ) खालच्या जातीच्या स्त्रियांनीं ब्राह्मणांच्या स्त्रियांसारखें वस्त्र नेसणें .
०की   जनकी - स्त्री . ब्राह्मण लोकांचें कर्तव्य , पद .
०घेवडा  पु. ( साकेतिक ) बोंबिलमासा .
०चांडाल  पु. जातिबाह्य ( अन्य जातीची स्त्री असलेला अथवा आई ब्राह्मण व बाप शूद्र असलेला मनुष्य ). [ सं . ]
०जन  पु. ब्राह्मणाच्या घरीं शागीर्दपणा करणारा ब्राह्मण ; पाणक्या ; धोतरबडव्या . [ सं . ]
०जनकी  स्त्री. ब्राह्मणजनाचें काम ; ब्राह्मणकी .
०जाई  पु. ब्राह्मणापासून हलक्या ( किंवा शुद्र ) जातीच्या स्त्रीच्या ठायीं उत्पन्न झालेला अशांची जात अथवा एक व्यक्ति .
०थर  पु. ब्राह्मणांस योग्य ( असे पोशाख कपडे इ० . ) थर शब्द पहा .
०दिव्य  न. पवित्र ब्राह्मणाचे पाय धरुन घेतलेली शपथ . [ सं . ]
०देव  पु. ( राजा . ) ब्राह्मण पुजारी असलेला एक ग्रामदेव ; गुरव , घाडी , राऊळ ज्याचा पुजारी आहे अशा देवाहून भिन्न .
०दोक वि.  ब्राह्मणानें आणलेलें ; उपयोग केलेलें , स्पर्श केलेलें ( पाणी , भांडें , कोणतीहि ). याच्या उलट कुणबी दोक . [ ब्राह्मण + उदक ]
०बढाई   यी बढायकी - स्त्री . ब्राह्मण जातीचा गर्व , अभिमान , बडेजाव .
०भोजन   संतपण - न . धमार्थ ब्राह्मणांस भोजन घालणें . [ सं . ] संबंध - पु . ब्रह्मसंबंध पहा . [ सं . ] ब्राह्मणाई - स्त्री .
ब्राह्मणांचें वर्चस्व , प्राबल्य , प्राचुर्य .
ब्राह्मण जातीचा ताठा , डौल . ब्राह्मणाऊ - वि . ब्राह्मणास योग्य , उचित , शोभणारा , विहित . ब्राह्मणादिकजाति - स्त्रीअव . हिंदूंच्या चार मोठ्या जाती ; ब्राह्मण , क्षत्रिय , वैश्य , शूद्र . इ० [ सं . ] ब्राह्मणी - स्त्री .
ब्राह्मणजातीची ; स्त्री .
( गो . ) ( ल . ) उपहारगृह ; चहाचें दुकान . ब्राह्मणी खाल्ली = चहाच्या दुकानांत फराळ केला . - वि . ब्राह्मणासंबंधीं ( चाल , वेष , भाषा इ० ). ब्राह्मण्य - न .
ब्राह्मणांचा समुदाय .
ब्राह्मणपणा . ब्राह्मण्य रक्षावें आदरें । - दा ४ . २ . २० . [ सं . ]
ब्राह्मण n.  एक नाग, जो कश्यप एवं कद्रू का पुत्र था ।
Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
BRĀHMAṆA   (BRĀHMIN).
(1) Origin.
Brāhmaṇas, Kṣatriyas, Vaiśyas, and Śūdras are the caturvarṇas or the four castes. The Purāṇas say that the four castes originated from different parts of the body of Brahmā. See Manusmṛti, Chapter 1, Stanza 87 “Sarvasyāsya tu sargasya Guptyarthaṁ sa mahādyutiḥ Mukhabāhūrūpajjānāṁ Pṛthakkarmāṇyakalpayat. (With a view to sustain the world, Brahmā ordered activities, for the four castes (Brāhmaṇa Kṣatriya, Vaiśya, and Śūdra) who were born from his face, arms, thighs and feet). From this statement it is seen that the Brāhmaṇas were born from the face, Kṣatriyas from the arms, Vaiśyas from the thighs and Sūdras from the feet of Brahmā.
2) The activities of a Brāhmaṇa.
The duties of a Brāhmaṇa are, performing sacrifice, and encouraging others to perform sacrifice, learning Vedas and teaching Vedas, giving gifts and getting remuneration. A Brāhmaṇa has two births in one life. Till the time of investiture with the sacred string is one birth and from that period onwards is the second birth. So a Brāhmaṇa is called ‘dvija’ or twice-born. The Brāhmaṇas were allowed to do the works of agriculture, keeping cows, trade and commerce and Kusīda (money-lending). Living on the interest of money giving out as loan is Kusīda. But they should not trade on products from cow, jaggery, salt, lac and flesh. The suffix ‘Śarmā’ should be added to the name of Brāhmaṇa. A Brāhmaṇa can have four wives.
BRĀHMAṆA(M)   See Veda.
Aryabhushan School Dictionary | mr  en |   | 
 m  The first of the four great divisions of the Hindu body or an individual of it. This word is prefixed to certain words in order to designate the white light or fair variety.

Related Words

ब्राह्मण   काळा ब्राह्मण गोरा शूद्र, त्‍यास पाहून कापे रुद्र   प्रहराचा ब्राह्मण   ऋषि वंश. - क्षत्रिय ब्राह्मण   देव झाले लटके, ब्राह्मण (बामन) झाले बटके   कुणबी मेला भुतानें, ब्राह्मण मेला वातानें   भुकेला-भुकेला ब्राह्मण, जेवलेला मुसलमान यांना रागास आणूं नये   बटके-देव झाले लटके, ब्राह्मण झाले बटके   हुसेनी ब्राह्मण   विंचू मराठा आणि साप ब्राह्मण   कर्म अभिमानें वर्ण अभिमानें नाडले ब्राह्मण कलियुगी   दशग्रंथी ब्राह्मण   बाहेर ब्राह्मण उपाशी, आणि आंत यजमान खेळती बायकोशीं   ब्राह्मण भोळा, काखेंत सोंवळा   दादा ब्राह्मण, वहिनी सवाष्ण   जानवें घातल्‍यानें ब्राह्मण होत नाहीं   मेजवानी-मेजवानीची मेजवानी आणि ब्राह्मणचा ब्राह्मण   
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    गीता म्हणजे प्राचीन ऋषी मुनींनी रचलेली विश्व कल्याणकारी मार्गदर्शक तत्त्वे. Gita has the essence of Hinduism, Hindu philosophy and a guide to peacefu..
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