Doha - 91A-B
He has the might of a myriad winds and the brilliance of a myriad suns. He is as cool as a myriad moons and allays all the fears mundane existence. Again, He is irresistible unappoachable and interminable as a myriad Deaths. Nay, the Lord is irrepressible as a myriad fires.

The Lord is unfathomable as a myriad Patalas and dreadful as a myriad Yamas. He is as sanctifying as countless millions of sacred places; nay, His very name obliterates all one's accumulated sins. The Hero of 'Raghu's line is as immovable as a myriad Himalyas and as deep as a myriad seas. The Lord is as liberal in bestowing all one's cherished objects as a myriad cows of plenty. He is as sharp as countless millions of Saradas and possesses the creative skill of a myriad Brahmas. Again, He is as good a preserver as a myriad Visnus and as thorough a destroyer as a myriad Rudras. He is as rich as a myriad Kuberas and as capable of bringing forth material universes as a myriad Mayas. He is as good a supporter (of the universes)as a myriad Sesas.In short, Lord Sri Rama, the soverign of the universe and incomparable (in every respect).

Incomparable as He is, He has no compeer. Sri Rama alone is Sri Rama's peer--so declare the Vedas--even as the sun really suffers diminution by being likened to a myriad glow-worms. So do the great sing the praise of Sri Hari each according to the flight of his own wits and the Lord lovingly hears them and feels delighted (however inadequate the praise may be); for He respects the sentiment of His devotees and is extremely kind.

Doha - 92A-B
Sri Rama is an ocean of countless virtues: can anyone sound His depth? I have only told your the little I have myself heard from the saints. The Lord is won only by sincere Devotion and is a fountain of joy and an abode of compasion. Therefore, giving up worldly attachment, vanity and pride, one should ever adore Sita's Spouse.

The lord of the winged creatures was rejoiced to hear the agreeable words of Bhusundi and fluffed up his feathers. Tears rushed to his eyes and his soul was flooded with joy s he meditated on the glory of Sri Rama (the Lord of the Raghus). Recalling his former delusion he was filled with remorse at the thought that He had taken the dateless Brahma for a mere mortal. Again and again he bowed his head at the crow's feet and loved him all the more, knowing him to be as good as Rama. Without a spiritual guide none can cross the ocean of mundane existence, though he be the equal of Virachi (the Creator)or Lord Sankara. He said, "I was bitter by the serpent of doubt, dear father. (As an effect of this snake-bite)I had several painful of His devotees, has saved me by sending me to a charmer in your person. By your grace my infatuation has ceased and I have learnt the incomparable mystery of Sri Rama.

Doha - 93A-B
After enlogizing Kakabhusundi in many ways and bowing his head before him with joined palms Garuda proceeded in these polite, affectionate and gentle words: "In my ignorance, O my lord and master, I ask you a question. Knowing me to be your own servant, O ocean of compassion, carefully answer it.

"You are an omniscient knower of Truth, having reached beyond the darkness (of ignorance), intelligent, amiable, straight in your dealings and a storehouse of wisdom, dispassion and Realization. Above all you are beloved servant of Sri Rama (the Lord of the Raghus). Yet wherefore did you get this form (of a crow)? Dear father, explain all this to me clearly. also tell me, my master, where did you get this lavely Lake of Sri Rama's exploits, O good bird? My lord, I have heard it from Siva Himself that you do not perish even during Mahapralaya (the Great Dissolution when Brahma himself retires into the Lord's body after completing the 100 years of his existence). The divine Lord Siva sould never utter an idle word and therefore my mind is in doubt. My lord, the whole universe with all its animate and inanimate beings, including the Nagas. human beings and gods, is an intended victim of Death. The Time-Spirit, which detroys countless universe, is ever mightly and irresistible.

Doha - 94A-B
"How is it that the most formidable Time-Spirit has no power over you? Tell me, my gracious lord, if it is a glory of spiritual or a feat of Yoga (union with God)? O lord, my infatuation and delusion disappeared the moment I visited your hermitage. Tell me in a loving spirit, my lord, how did all this happen?"

Uma, (continues Lord Siva,) the crow (Kakabhusundi) rejoiced to hear Garuda's words and replied with utmost affection: "Blessed, blessed indeed is your intellect, O enemy of serpents. Your question is very pleasing to me. On hearing your loving and agreeable question I have been reminded of many previous births. I shall now narrate the whole of my story at full length, dear Garuda, listen to it attentively with all reverence. The muttering of prayers, austere penances performing sacrifices, subjugation of the mind and the senses, undertaking sacred vows, charity, dispassion, right judgment, Yoga (union with God) and Realization--the fruit of all these is devotion to the feet of Sri Rama (the Lord of the Raghus); without this no one can attain lasting peace. It was in this body that I was blessed with devotion to Sri Rama; hence it is so very dear to me. Everyone naturally loves that throught which one has attaine one's object.

Doha - 95A-B
It is a sound maxim, O enemy of serpents, approved of by the Vedas-and the saints too endorse it--that love should be shown to the meanest creature if we come to know it to be our greatest friend. Silk, for instance, is the products of a worm and from it we have beautiful silken texiles. That is why everyone tends the worm like one's own life even though it is most impure.

The real self-interest of every living creature lies in cultivating devotion to Sri Rama's feet in thought, word and deed. That body alone is sacred and that alone blessed, in which one is able to worship the Hero of Raghu's line. The wise and the learned never extol him who is hostile to Rama, even though he may acquire a body as exalted as that of Brahma (the Creator)himself, Devotion to Sri Rama took root in my heart in this very body; hence I hold it supremely dear, my master. Although my death depends on my own will, I refuse to quit this body, because--as the Vedas decalre--adoration of the Lord is not possible without a corporeal frame.At first infatuation gave me much trouble; so long as I remained hostile to Sri Rama I never had a restiful sleep. Through a number births I practised Yoga(concentration of mind), Japa (muttering of prayers), austere penance and charity and performed sacrifices and others acts of various kinds. W;hich species is ther in this world, O lord of the winged creatures, in which I have not at sometime been born during my round of births? I have had experience of all kinds of pursuits, my lord; but I was never so happy as I am now. I recollect many previous exstences, my lord, in which by Siva grace my understanding was not clounded by infatuation.

Doha - 96A-B
Listen, O lord of the feathered kingdom: I now proceed to narrate the story of my very first birth (within my memory), which is sure to engender in the heart of the listener love for the Lord's feet, which is the remedy for all afflictions. In a former Kalpa (round of creation), my lord, world was passing through a Kaliyuga, the hotbed of sin, in which men and women were all steeped in unrighteousness and acted contrary to the Vedas.

In that kaliyuga I was born in the city of Ayodhya and got the body of a Sudra (a member of the labouring and artisan classes). A devotee Lord Siva in thought, word and deed, i was a reviler of other gods and conceited too, Intoxicated with the pride of pelf, I was most loquacious and savage of purpose and carried an enormous load of hypocrisy in my heart. Even though I dwelt in the capital of Sri Rama (the lord of the Raghus), I failed to know even an iota of its glory then. Now I have come to know the greatness of Ayodhya. Thus has it been sung by the Vedas. Tantras and Puranas that whoever has resided in Ayodhya in any birth whatsoever surely becomes a votary of Sri Rama. A man comes to know the glory of Ayodhya only when Sri Rama, bow in hand, takes up His abode in his heart. That particular age of Kali was terrible indeed, O enemy of serpents: every man and woman was given over to sin.

Doha - 97A-B
Every virtue had been engulfed by the sins of Kali; all good books had disappeared; empostors had promulgated a number of creeds which they had invented out of their own wit. The people had all fallen a prey to delusion and all pious acts had been swallowed by greed. Now listen, all-wise mount of Sri hari, while I describe a few peculiarities of Kali.

No one follows the duties of one's own caste, and the four Astramas or stages of life also disappear. Every man and woman delight in revolting against the Vedas. The Brahmanas tell the Vedas; the kings bleed their subjects; no one respects the injunction of the Vedas. The right course for every individual is that which one taks a fancy to; a man of erudition is he who plays the braggart. Whoever launches spurious undertakings and is given over to hypocrisy him does everyone call a saint. He alone is cleaver, who robs another of his wealth; he who puts up false appearances is an ardent follower of established usage. He who is given to lying and is clever at joking is spoken of as a man of parts in the Kali age. He alone who is a reproate and has abandoned the path Vedqs is a man wisdom and dispassion in the Kali age. He alone who has grown big nails and long locks of matted hair is a renowned ascetic in the Kali age.

Doha - 98A-B
They alone who put on an unsightly garb and ornaments eat anything and everything, no matter whether it is worth eating or not, are ascetics; they alone are perfect men and they are worth adoring in the Kali age. They who are of meleficent conduct are held in great esteem and they alone are worthy of honour. Even so they alone who are habblers in thought, word and deed are orators in the Kali age.

Dominated by women, my lord, all men dance to their tune like a monkey controlled by its trainer. Sudras instruct the twice-born in spiritaual wisdom and, wearing the sacred thread, accept the worst type of gifts. All men are given over to  sensuality and greed and irascible too, and are hostile to the gods; the Brahmanas, the Vedas as well as to the saints. Unfortunate wives desert their accimplished and handsome husband and bestow their heart on a paramour. Wives having their husband alive have no ornament on their person, while widows adorn themselves in the latest style. The disciple and the preceptor severally resemble a deaf man and a blind man: the one would not listen, while the other cannot see. A spiritual guide who robs his disciple of money but fails to rid of his sorrow is cast into a terrible hell. Parents call their children and teach them such religion as may fill their belly;

Doha - 99A-B
Men and women talk of nathing else than the Knowledge of Brahma; while in their greed they would kill a Brahmana or, for the matter of that, even their own spiritual gruide for the sake of a single shell. Sudras argue with the twice-born: "Are we in anyway inferior to you? A good Brahmana is he who knows the truth of Brahma!" and defiantly glower at them.

The alone who are covetous of another's wife and are clever at wiles and steeped in delusion, malice and worldly attachment are enlightened men swearing by the identity of the individual soul with Brahma, Such is the practice I have seen in every Kali age. Doomed themselves, such people bring ruin even to those rare souls who tread the path of virtue. They who find fault with the Vedas by dint of logic, are condemned to each hell for a whole Kalpa (cycle).People of the lowest grade in society such as oil-men, potters, the outcaste (lit.,those who cook and feed on the flesh of a dog), the Kiratas and Kolas and the distillers of spirituous liquors get their heads shaved and enter other order of Samnyasa (renunciation)when their wife is no more in this world and they have lost their household property. They allow themselves to be worshipped by the Brahmans and bring ruin to themselves here as well as bereafter. As for the Brahmanas, they are unlettered, grasping, lascivious, reprobate and stupid and marry low-caste women of a lewd character. Sudras, on the other hand, practise Japa(the muttering of prayers) and aushere penance, undertake sacred vows of various Kinds and expound the Puranas from an exalted seat. All men follow a course of conduct of their own imagination; the endless variety of wrong doing cannot be described in words.

Doha - 100A-B
In the age of Kali there ensues a confusion of castes (due to promiscuous intermarriages) and everyone infringes the sacred laws. men perpetrate sins and reap suffering terror, disease, sorrow and desolation. Overcome by delusion they walk not in the path of Devotion to Sri Hari, conjouned with dispassion and wisdom-a path which has the approval of the Vedas-and invent diverse creeds of their own.

The so-called recluses build themselves houses and furnish them at considerable exoebse, disoassuib is be in them, the same having been wiped out by their sensuality. the so-called ascetics grow wealthy and householders go pennilesss: the freaks of the Kali age, dear Garuda, are beyond al telling. Men drive out a well-born and virtuous wife and bring home some servant-girl, casting to the winds all good usage. Sons respect their father and mother only so long as they have not seen the face of their wife. From the time they take a fancy to their wife's kinsfolk they begin to look upon their own people as their enemies. King get addicted to sin and cease to have anything to do with piety. they ever persecute their subjects by inflicting unmerited punishment on them. The meanest churl, if he is rich, is accounted noble. A Brahmana is known only by his sacred thread, and an ascetic by his ranked body. He who refuses to recognize the Vedas and Puranas is a ture saint and servant of Sri Hari in the Kali age. Poests are seen in Large numbers; but the munificent (who reward them) are seldom heard of. Those who find fault with others' virtues can be had in any number, but no one possessing virtues. In the Kali age famines are of occurrence: for want of foodgrains people perish miserbly en masse.


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Last Updated : March 12, 2011

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