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A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
कालिय  m. am.N. of a नाग (inhabiting the यमुना, slain by कृष्ण, also written कालीय, [VP.] ), [MBh.] ; [Hariv. &c.]
कालिय   b &c. See, ib.

कालिय [kāliya]   Relating to time, timely.
-यः   The Kaliyuga.
कालियः [kāliyḥ]  N. N. of a tremendously large serpent who dwelt at the bottom of the Yamunā (which was a ground forbidden to Garuḍa, the enemy of serpents, owing to the curse of the sage Saubhari). He was crushed to death by Kṛiṣṇa when he was but a boy; [R.6.49;] [Śi.17.69.]
-याः   (pl.) The family of black serpents; [Śi.19.28.] -Comp.
-दमनः, -मर्दनः   epithets of Kṛiṣṇa.

Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
कालिय  mfn.  (-यः-या-यं) Relating to time, &c.
 m.  (-यः) A serpent des- troyed by KRISHNA.
E. काल, and aff.
See also: काल -

कालिय n.  यह काद्रवेयकुल के पन्नग जाति का नाग था [भा.१०.१७.४] ;[म.आ.३१.६] ;[स. ५३.१५-१६] । यह पहले रमणकद्वीप में था । गरुड त्रस्त न करें , इसलिये हर माह में पौर्णिमा को, यह उसको भक्ष्य पहुँचा देता था । एक बार इसने गरुड का भाग भक्षण कर लिया । गरुड ने क्रुद्ध हो कर इसे मारा । किंतु एक प्रहार लागते ही, यह यमुना में जा कर छिप गया । सौभरि के शाप के कारण, गरुड वहॉं न आ सकता था । कालिये के कारण वहॉं का पानी विषमय बन गया । उसे प्राशन करने के कारण, गोप तथा गौओं की मृत्यु हो गई । तब एक वृक्ष पर चढ कर, कृष्ण ने यमुना के जलाशय में छलांग लगाई । कालिय को वहॉं से रमणकद्वीप की ओर भगा दिया, तथा गरुड द्वारा संत्रस्त न होने का प्रबंध किया । इसे पांच मुखे थे, तथा यह बडे ही ऐश्वर्य से रहता था [भा.१०.१६] ;[ह. वं. २.१२] ;[विष्णु.५.७]
कालिय II. n.  दाशरथि राम की सभा का एक हास्यकार ।

Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
1) Birth.
Kaśyapa, grandson of Brahmā and son of Marīci begot of his wife Kadrū powerful nāgas like Śeṣa, Airāvata, Takṣaka, Kārkoṭaka, Kāliya, Maṇināga, Purāṇanāga etc. and from them were born all kinds of nāgas on earth. [Ādi Parva, Chapter 35] . Kāliya possessed one thousand heads. [Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha] .
2) Kāliya taok his abode in Kālindī.
Vinatā and Kadrū were wives of Kaśyapa. The former was the mother of Garuḍa and the latter of the nāgas. In a wager Vinatā was defeated and had to become the slave of Kadrū. Garuḍa brought Amṛta from Devaloka and redeemed his mother from slavery. Yet Garuḍa and the nāgas continued to be enemies, Garuḍa killing and eating nāgas whenever he got a chance for it. At last the nāgas entered into an understanding with Garuḍa agreeing to give him the havis (offering) which they got on certain days, and thus Garuḍa stopped eating the nāgas. But Kāliya did not subscribe to the above agreement; he treated Garuḍa with contempt. But, in an encounter with Garuḍa Kāliya was put to so much of hardships that he, along with his family, shifted his residence to a particular sector in Kālindī.
3) Admission denied to Garuḍa.
Owing to the curse of a sage called Saubhari, who was performing penance on the banks of Kālindī, that Garuḍa would die brokenheaded if he entered Kālindī, it was a prohibited area to Garuḍa.
4) Suppression of Kāliya.
Owing to the virulent poison of Kāliya the waters of Kālindī became poisonous and the trees on its banks dried up. Once, while Kṛṣṇa and his companions, the Gopālas came to the banks of the river grazing their cows. The Gopālas drank water from the river and fell down dead. Then Kṛṣṇa jumped into the river from the top of a tree on its bank and danced upon the hoods of Kāliya who had rushed to attack him. Kāliya vomited blood and saluted Kṛṣṇa. His wives and children also saluted the Lord. Kṛṣṇa sent all of them away to Ramaṇaka island assuring Kāliya that Garuḍa would not attack him on seeing the marks of his (Kṛṣṇa's) feet on Kāliya. Thus did Kāliya and his family shift their residence to Ramaṇaka island. [Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha] .

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