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श्राद्ध

A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
श्राद्ध  mfn. mf()n. (fr.श्रद्-धा) faithful, true, loyal, believing, [HPariś.]; [SaddhP.] (cf.[Pāṇ. 5-2, 101])
relating to a श्राद्ध ceremony, [Cat.]
श्राद्ध  n. n. a ceremony in honour and for the benefit of dead relatives observed with great strictness at various fixed periods and on occasions of rejoicing as well as mourning by the surviving relatives (these ceremonies are performed by the daily offering of water and on stated occasions by the offering of पिण्डs or balls of rice and meal [see पिण्ड] to three paternal and three maternal forefathers i.e. to father, grandfather, and great grandfather; it should be borne in mind that a श्राद्ध is not a funeral ceremony [अन्त्ये-ष्टि] but a supplement to such a ceremony; it is an act of reverential homage to a deceased person performed by relatives, and is moreover supposed to supply the dead with strengthening nutriment after the performance of the previous funeral ceremonies has endowed them with ethereal bodies; indeed until those अन्त्ये-ष्टि, or ‘funeral rites’ have been performed, and until the succeeding first श्राद्ध has been celebrated the deceased relative is a प्रे-त or restless, wandering ghost, and has no real body [only a लिङ्ग-शरीरq.v.]; it is not until the first श्राद्ध has taken place that he attains a position among the पितृs or Divine Fathers in their blissful abode called पितृ-लोक, and the Śr° is most desirable and efficacious when performed by a son; for a full description of the श्राद्ध ceremonies See, [RTL. 276, 304 &c.]), [GṛŚrS.]; [Mn.]; [MBh.] &c.
gifts or offerings at a श्राद्ध, [MW.]

श्राद्ध [śrāddha] a.  a. [श्रद्धा हेतुत्वेनास्त्यस्य अण्] Faithful, believing.
द्धम् A funeral rite or ceremony performed in honour of the departed spirits of dead relatives; श्रद्धया दीयते यस्मात्तस्माच्छ्राद्धं निगद्यते; it is of three kinds: नित्य, नैमित्तिक, and काम्य; यः संगतानि कुरुते मोहाच्छ्राद्धेन मानवः [Ms.3.] 14.
An obsequial oblation, a gift or offering at a Śrāddha; विहाय शोकं धर्मात्मा ददौ श्राद्धमनुत्तमम् [Mb.14.62.] 1; सर्वं श्रद्धया दत्तं श्राद्धम् [Pratimā 5.] -Comp.
-कर्मन्  n. n.,-क्रिया a funeral ceremony.
-कृत्  m. m. the performer of a funeral rite.
-दः   the offerer of a Śrāddha or funeral oblation.
-दिनः, -नम्   the aniversary of the death of a relative in whose honour a Śrāddha is performed.
देवः, देवता a deity presiding over funeral rites.
an epithet of Yama.
a Viśvadeva q. v.
a Pitṛi or progenitor.
-भुज् a.  a. eating food prepared at a श्राद्ध; श्राद्धभुग्वृषलीतल्पं तदहर्योऽधिगच्छति [Ms.3.25.]
-भुज्, -भोक्तृ  m. m. a deceased ancestor.
-मित्रः   making friends through a श्राद्ध; cf. श्राद्धम् (1) above; स स्वर्गाच्च्यवते लोकाच्छ्राद्धमित्रो द्विजाधमः [Ms.3.14.]

Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
श्राद्ध  mfn.  (-द्धः-द्धा-द्धं) Faithful, believing.
 n.  (-द्धं) A funeral ceremony observed at various fixed periods and for different purposes, con- sisting of offerings with water and fire to the gods and manes, and gifts and food to the relations present and assisting Brāh- mans; it is especially performed for a present recently deceased, or for three paternal ancestors or for all ancestors collectively, and is supposed necessary to secure the ascent and residence of the souls of the deceased in a world appropriated to the manes, The following distributions of this ceremony are specified: the पार्व्वणं in honour of three ancestors, एकोद्दिष्टं of one, नित्यं regular, नैमित्तिकं occasionally, काम्यं for the attainment of some particular object, आह्निकं daily, वृद्धिः for the obtaining of increase of pros- perity, and सपिण्डनं in which the balls of meat offered to the deceased individually and collectively are blended together. There are many other kinds: those for a person recently decea- sed are one on the day after mourning expires, and twelve others in twelve successive months; one at the end of the third fort- night, one in the sixth month, and one in the twelfth, concluding with a Sapiṇḍaṇa, on the anniversary of the person's death; in general they are all performed in the course of the two or three first days, and the Śrāddha for the deceased is only annually repeated. There is also a short of Śrāddha performed daily during the days of mourning, usually ten, on which a funeral cake is presented, increasing one or more each day till ten cakes are offered.
E. श्रद्धा faith, अण् or aff. of possession or relation, as the abandonment or presentation of meat, &c., through faith of its efficacy, in behalf of the souls of the deceased.

A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
A funeral ceremony observed at various fixed periods, consisting of offerings with water and fire to the gods and manes, and of gifts and food to the relations present and assisting Bráhmans. It is especially performed for a parent recently deceased, or for three paternal ancestors, or for all ancestors collectively; and it is supposed to be necessary to secure the ascent and residence of the souls of the deceased in the world appropriated to the manes. There are many varieties of the mode of performing this ceremony; and many purposes or objects are specified. See A. R., vol. 7, p. 245, et seq.
śrāddha a S Confiding, trusting, believing.

वि.  श्राद्ध ठेवणारा ; विश्वासी ; भाविक .
 न. मृत पितरांस उद्देशून पुत्रादिकांनी करावयाचें ब्राह्मणभोजन , पिंडदान वगैरे कर्म . [ सं . ] म्ह ० विकत श्राद्ध घेऊन सव्यापसव्य करणें - नसती पीडा मागें लावून घेणें

Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
ŚRĀDDHA   The offering given to Pitṛs. According to the Purāṇas Śrāddha is a very important ceremony. Here, “Pitṛs” does not mean “the souls of the dead”. Pitṛs belong to a special class of gods.

Aryabhushan School Dictionary | mr  en |   | 
  A funeral ceremony, an anniversary.

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