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वि

A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
वि  m. 1.m. (nom.वि॑स् or वे॑स्acc.वि॑म्gen.abl.वे॑स्; pl.nom.acc.व॑यस् [acc. वीन्, [Bhaṭṭ.]]; वि॑भिस्, वि॑भ्यस्, वीना॑म्) a bird (also applied to horses, arrows, and the मरुत्s), [RV.]; [VS.]; [PañcavBr,] (also occurring in later language).
वि   [cf.1.व॑यस्; Gk.οἰωνός for ὀϝιωνος; Lat.a-vis; accord. to some Germ.Ei; Angl.Sax.aég; Eng.egg.]
वि  n. 2.n. an artificial word said to be = अन्न, [ŚBr.]
वि  n. 3.ind. (prob. for an original द्वि, meaning ‘in two parts’; and opp. to सम्q.v.) apart, asunder, in different directions, to and fro, about, away, away from, off, without, [RV.] &c. &c. In, [RV.] it appears also as a prep. with acc. denoting ‘through’ or ‘between’ (with ellipse of the verb, e.g. i, 181, 5; x, 86, 20 &c.) It is esp. used as a prefix to verbs or nouns and other parts of speech derived from verbs, to express ‘division’, ‘distinction’, ‘distribution’, ‘arrangement’, ‘order’, ‘opposition’, or ‘deliberation’ (cf.वि-√ भिद्, -शिष्, -धा, -रुध्, -चर्, with their nominal derivatives)
क्री   sometimes it gives a meaning opposite to the idea contained in the simple root (e.g. √ , ‘to buy’; वि-√ क्री, ‘to sell’), or it intensifies that idea (e.g.हिंस्, ‘to injure’; वि-√ हिंस्, ‘to injure severely’). The above 3. वि॑ may also be used in forming compounds not immediately referable to verbs, in which cases it may express ‘difference’ (cf.1.वि-लक्षण), ‘change’ or ‘variety’ (cf.वि-चित्र), ‘intensity’ (cf.वि-कराल), ‘manifoldness’ (cf.वि-विध), ‘contrariety’ (cf.वि-लोम), ‘deviation from right’ (cf.वि-शील), ‘negation’ or ‘privation’ (cf.वि-कच्छ, being often used like 3. , निर्, and निस् [qq. vv.], and like the Lat.dis, se, and the English a, dis, in, un &c.)
वि-जामि   in some cases it does not seem to modify the meaning of the simple word at all (cf., वि-जामातृ)
See also: वि - जामि

वि-कोक   it is also used to form proper names out of other proper names (e.g., वि-पृथु, वि-विंश). To save space such words are here mostly collected under one article
See also: वि - कोक

but words having several subordinate compounds will be found s.v.
वि [vi]   ind.
As a prefix to verbs and nouns it expresses: (a) separation, disjunction (apart, asunder, away, off &c.), as वियुज्, विहृ, विचल् &c.; (b) the reverse of an action; as क्री 'to buy'; विक्री, 'to sell'; स्मृ 'to remember'; विस्मृ 'to forget'; (c) division; as विभज्, विभाग; (d) distinction; as विशिष्, विशेष, विविच्, विवेक; (e) discrimination; व्यवच्छेद (f) order, arrangement; as विधा, विरच्; (g) opposition; as विरुध्, विरोध; (h) privation; as विनी, विनयन; (i) deliberation, as विचर्, विचार; (j) intensity; विध्वंस.
As a prefix to nouns or adjectives not immediately connected with roots, वि expresses (a) negation or privation, in which case it is used much in the same way as अ or निर्,i. e. it forms Bah. comp.; विधवा, व्यसुः &c.; (b) intensity, greatness; as विकराल; (c) variety, as विचित्र; (d) difference; as विलक्षण; (e) manifoldness, as विविध; (f) contrariety, opposition, as विलोम; (g) change, as विकार; (h) impropriety, as विजन्मन्.
विः [viḥ]  m. m., f. [वे-डित् [Uṇ.4.145]]
A bird; विकुल- (= पक्षिकुल) माकुलमायत-लीनताम् [Rām. ch.4.43;] आपततो विरलं (विः + अलम्) घनतोऽयात् ibid.4.97.
A horse.
A goer.
A rein.
An epithet of the Soma.
A sacrificer (mostly Ved. in the last four senses).-Comp.
-राज्   king of birds, eagle; अथ तार्क्ष्यसुतो ज्ञात्वा विराट्प्रभुचिकीर्षितम् [Bhāg.8.21.26.]
-व a.  a. riding on a bird; [Śi.19.86.]
Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
वि  mf.  (-विः-वी)
1. A bird.
2. The eye.
3. Heaven.
4. The region of the wind.
5. A horse. Ind. A particle and prefix, implying:--1. Certain- ty, ascertainment, as विवेक्तुं to determine, to judge.
2. Separation, disjunction, as वियोक्तुं to disjoin.
3. Aversion, repugnance, as विरोद्धुं to oppose.
4. Impatience, intolerance, as विमृष्टुं to be impatient.
5. Variety, difference, विशेष्टुं to distinguish.
6. Cause, motive, विधातुं to prescribe or order.
7. Motion, progress, विचरितुं to go.
8. Pri- vation, विणीतुं to take away. It generally corresponds to the Eng- lish adjuncts, a, ex, de, dis, in, un, &c. and is frequently an expletive.
E. वा to go, Unādi aff. इन् with the effect of डित् or ड, which ejects the final syllable; or वा-कि aff.

वि(वी)सर्प  m.  (-र्पः)
वि(वी)सर्प   1. Spreading.
वि(वी)सर्प   2. Going.
वि(वी)सर्प   3. Going variously.
वि(वी)सर्प   4. Fly- ing, gliding.
वि(वी)सर्प   5. Unwished consequence of any act.
वि(वी)सर्प   6. Erysipelatous inflammation.
वि(वी)सर्प   E. वि before सृप् to go, घञ् aff.

A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
vi S A particle and prefix implying, I. Separation, disjunction; II. Aversion, repugnance; III. Variety, difference; IV. Opposition, contrariety. It generaly corresponds with one or other of the English prefixes a, ex, dis, de, in, un; and it is frequently redundant or expletive.
पुस्त्री . १ पक्षी ; खग ; गरुड . उदा० विपति . इच्छी कुलहित नाग विभांग न अर्पूनि संधि करवीना । - मोउद्योग ३ . ४१ . [ सं . ]
१ शब्दाच्या पूर्वी लागणारा एक उपसर्ग . हा ( अ ) वियोग , असंधान ( उदा० चिगत , विघटन ); ( आ ) पराङ्‍मुखता , प्रातिकूल्य ( उदा० विसदृश , विमनस्क ); ( इ ) जाति , भेद ( उदा० विभाग ), ( ई ) वैरुध्य ; वैपरीत्य ( उदा० विलोम ), ह्या अर्थांचा द्योतक आहे . २ केव्हां केव्हां स्पष्टीकरणार्थ अगर निरर्थकहि जोडतात . ३ वैशिष्टय ; आधिक्य ( उदा० विनिपात ; विहित ). विनिर्मिलें झांकण अज्ञतेचें । - वामन , स्फुटश्लोक ४ ( नवनीत पृ . १३३ ). [ सं . ]
Aryabhushan School Dictionary | mr  en |   | 
A particle and prefix implying separation, aversion, variety, opposition &c.

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