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मास

See also:  मांस
A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
मास  n. m. (or n., [Siddh.]) the moon (See पूर्ण-म्°)
सौर   a month or the 12th part of the Hindū year (there are 4 kinds of months, viz. the solar, ; the natural, सावन; the stellar, नाक्षत्र, and the lunar, चा-न्द्र; the latter, which is the most usual and consists of 30 तिथिs, being itself of two kinds as reckoned from the new or full moon cf.[IW. 179]; for the names of the months See, ib. 173 n. 3), [RV.] &c. &c. (मासम्, for a month; मासम् एकम्, for one month; मासेन, in the course of a month; मासे, in a = after the lapse of a )
a symbolical N. for the number ‘twelve’ [Sūryas.]

मासः [māsḥ] सम् [sam]   सम् [मा एव अण्]
A month, (it may be चान्द्र, सौर, सावन, नाक्षत्र or बार्हस्पत्य); न मासे प्रतिपत्तासे मां चेन्मर्तासि मैथिलि [Bk.8.95.]
The moon (Ved.).
The number 'twelve'. -Comp.
-अधिपः, -अधिपतिः   the planet presiding over a month.
-अनुमासिक a.  a. monthly; पिण्डान्वाहार्यकं श्राद्धं कुर्यान्मासानुमासिकम् [Ms.3.122.]-अन्तः the day of new moon.
-अवधिक a.  a. lasting for or occurring in a month.
-आहार a.  a. eating only once a month.
उपवासिनी a woman who fasts for a whole month.
a procuress, a lascivious or lewd woman (ironically.).
-ऋक्षम्   the constellation after which a month (like चैत्र, वैशाख) is named; माघे च सितसप्तम्यां मघाराकासमागमे । राकया चानुमत्वा वा मासार्क्षाणि व्युतान्यपि ॥ [Bhāg.7.14.22.]
-कालिक a.  a. monthly, lasting for a month.
-चारिक a.  a. practising (any thing) for a month.
-जात a.  a. a month old, born a month ago.
-ज्ञः   a kind of gallinule.
-देय a.  a. to be paid in a month.
-पाक a.  a. maturing in a month.
-प्रमितः   the new-moon.-प्रवेशः the beginning of a month.
-भुक्तिः   (the sun's) monthly course.
-मानः   a year.
-संचयिक a.  a. having provisions for a month; सद्यः प्रक्षालको वा स्यान्माससंचयिकोऽपि वा [Ms.6.18.]

Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
मास  m.  (-सः)
1. A month, the twelfth part of the Hindu year; it is usually a lunar one, consisting of thirty Tithis, but it may be a Saura or solar month, being equal to the sun's passage through a sign of the zodiac; there is also a Savan month, consisting of thirty risings and settings of the sun; a Nākshatra month, or month regulated by the lunar asterisms, and a fifth description of month called Vārhaspatya, depending on the motions of the planet JUPITER; the lunar month also, being of two kinds, as reckoned from the new or from the full moon, completes six different modes of monthly computation.
2. A jeweller's weight: see माष.
E. मास् the moon, aff. अण्; or मस् to measure, (the year by it,) aff. घञ् .

A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
A month. For the twelve months see बारा महिने. मासपक्ष लागला -लोटला-सारला &c. A month or six weeks were taken up, are elapsed &c. मासापक्षा- च्या आंत Within a month or fifteen days.
Flies. A noun collective. 2 f R A swarm of flies.

 न. अनेक माशांचा समुदाय . - स्त्री . ( राजा . ) माशांचा थवा . [ माशी ] मासकी - स्त्री . ( राजा . वा . )
 न. शरीरांतील सप्त धातूंपैकीं एक . [ सं . मांस ; फ्रेंजि . मस ; पोर्तुजि . मास ] ( वाप्र . )
 पु. मध्य ; मधील भाग . मासावरील - वि . ( गो . ) होडीच्या मध्यावरील , मधील ( वल्हेकरी ).
 पु. महिना . बारा महिने पहा . [ सं . ] ( वाप्र . ) मासपक्ष लागला , लोटला , सरला - एक महिना किंवा सहा आठवडे लागले , लोटले इ० . मासपक्षाच्या आंत - महिनापंधरा दिवसांच्या आंत . सामाशब्द -
०दान  न. दर महिन्यास द्यावयाचें दान .
बंदुकीच्या टोंकावर नेम मारावयासाठीं असलेलें चिन्ह , खूण .
०कसणें   चांगलें खालीं वर करुन मांस भाजणें . सामशब्द -
( बे . ) माशी . मासूक - न . ( राजा . ) माशी ; मक्षिका . मासूक , मारा - वि . ( राजा . ) माशी मरेल इतकें अतिशय जालिम . ( तंबाकू , तपकीर , भांग इ० ); चेटक्या किंवा अत्यंत दुष्ट व मारक दृष्टीचा ( मनुष्य ).
०नहाण   न्हाण न्हाणें वंदण - न . विवाहसंस्कारास एक महिना ज्या दिवशीं पुरा होतो त्या दिवशीं वधूवरांस एकत्र स्नान घालण्याचा समारंभ ; आठनहाण पहा . [ सं . मास + स्नान ]
०ओंटी  स्त्री. बाहेर दिसण्यांत मोठी पण दूध थोडें अशी गाय , म्हैस यांची ओटी , कास .
०पक्ष  पु. महिना - पंधरा दिवस . [ सं . मास + पक्ष ]
०कंड   कण गंड - न . ( निंदार्थी ) मांस ; विदारलेलें , छिन्नमिन्न होऊन इकडे तिकडे पडलेलें मांस ; घायांतून , जखमेंतून लोंबणारें मांस किंवा आंतड्याचा लोंबणारा भाग नासणारें , वाईट , मुरदाड मांस . [ मास + कण ]
०वडा  पु. ( कों . ) ग्रामदेवतेसंबंधीं केलें जाणारें मासकृत्य . मासांत पुन . महिन्याचा अंत ; चांद्रमासाचे त्रयोदशीपासून प्रतीपदेपर्यंतचे दिवस ; तुटके दिवस . [ सं . मास + अंत ] मासिक न .
०कण  न. ( कों . ) शिजविण्याकरितां केलेले मांसाचे तुकडे .
महिन्याचें वेतन .
०कार  पु. ( गो . ) मांस विकणारा .
०कूट  न. ( गो . ) मांसाचा तुकडा .
प्रतिमासीं निघणारें पुस्तक .
वर्षसमाप्तीपर्यंत , दर महिन्यास मृतमनुष्याचें करावयाचें श्राद्ध . - वि . महिन्यासंबंधीं ; महिन्याचा ; दर महिन्याचें . [ सं . ]
०कोथ  पु. मांसार्बुद ; चरणारा व्रण .
०भरु वि.  दळदार ; गरभरु ( फळ ); चांगली भरलेली ( करंजी , पुरणपोळी ).
०भक्षक वि.  मांसाहारी . [ सं . ]
०मच्छर  न. मांस वगैरे . मासल , मांसल वि .
मासाळ ; मासानें पूर्ण असें .
( ल . ) मासभरु ; पुष्ट . मासवा - पु . ( व . ) मांसाचा किंवा झाडाच्या सालीचा अनुक्रमें माणसाच्या किंवा झाडाच्या जखमेवर वाढणारा भाग . मासव्रण - पु . मासांतील व्रण . [ सं . ] मांसाळ , मासाळ , ळा - वि . ( प्र . ) मांसल ; पुष्कळ मांस असलेला . एकें पीनावयव मांसाळें । - ज्ञा ११ . १३९ . मांसागळा - वि . धष्टपुष्ट ; मांसल . धष्ट पुष्ट मांसागळा । - आमुदि २ . ३१ . मासार्बुद - पु . कर्कट रोग . - राको २६८ . मांसाहारी - वि . मांसावर निर्वाह करणारा . मासुरडा , मासोरडा , डें - पुन . ( निंदार्थी ) मासकंड पहा . मासोंडणें - अक्रि . ( व . ) अंगावर मांस वाढणें ; लठ्ठ होणें . म्हैस मासोंडली . मासोळ - वि . ( गो . ) मांसयुक्त .

Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
MĀSA (S) (MONTHS)   1). General information. It is believed that every where for a year there are twelve months. There are six different kinds of months in force in Bhārata. They are the following:--
Sanskrit English Suriyāni
Śrāvaṇa August Of
Proṣṭhapada September Īlūn
Āśvina October Taśrīnkadim
Kārttika November Tesrinhroyi
Mārgaśīrṣa December Konūṇkadim
Pauṣa January Konunhroyi
Māgha February Śībottu
Phālguna March Odor
Caitra April Nīson
Vaiśākha May Īyor
Jyeṣṭha June Harson
Āṣāḍha July Tommūs
2). What the names of the months indicate. 1). Malayālam months. The months are named based on certain beliefs. It takes twelve months for the earth to go round the Sun once. When the earth passes through the twelve divisions, it faces a separate set of constellataions in the universe in each of these divisions. In the month of Ciṅṅam the earth faces a cluster of constellations in the shape of a lion and so the month is called Siṁha (lion) or Ciṅṅam. In the next division the earth faces the constellations in the shape of a Kanyakā and so the month was called Kanni. The earth faces next the constellations in the shape of a balance and so the month was called Tulām (Tulā=balance). In the next division the earth faces the constellations in the shape of a scorpion and so the month was called Vṛścikam (scorpion). The set of constellations which faces the earth in the next division is shaped like a bow (dhanus) and so the month got the name Dhanu. In the next division the earth faces a set of constellations in the shape of a Makaramatsya (makara-fish) and so the month was called Makaram. Kumbha means a jar and Mīnam means a fish and Meḍam (Meṣa) means a goat and Iḍavam (Ṛṣabha) means an ox. The shapes of the constellations in those divisions are like the things mentioned and the months were so named after them. In the next two divisions the constellations appear as twins and a crab respectively and the months were so called Mithunam (twins) and Karkaṭakam (crab). 2). English months. i) January has come from the word Janus, the name of a Roman devatā. Janus is twinfaced, one facing the front and the other back. ii) February means ‘to purify’ and the festival of purification of the Romans is conducted in that month. iii) March is Mars, a devatā of War. Rome was built by the brave warrior Romulus. In his time there were only ten months in a year and the number of days in a month varied considerably. There were months with twenty days and thirtyfive days. It was in the year 700 B.C. that the then King of Rome, Numa, divided the year into twelve months and added January and February to it. Till then March was the first month of the year. iv) April--Aperio means ‘blossoming’ and since the trees and plants blossom in that month it got the name of April. v) May is named after Maia daughter of the demigod (devatā) Atlas. There is an opinion that it is named after Maius, another name of Jupiter. vi) June gets its name after the devatā Juno though there is a version that it is named after a Roman tribe called Junius. vii) July was formerly known as Quintilis meaning the fifth counting from March which was the first month of the year till the time of Numa. It was to commemorate the name of Julius Caesar that the name was changed to July. viii) August. This month was formerly known as Sextilis meaning the sixth month. But it was renamed August in honour of Augustus Caesar. But it still lacked the importance of July as it contained thirtyone days and August only thirty days. So Augustus took one day from February and made the number of days in August thirtyone. ix) September means the seventh month from March. x) October means the eighth month. xi) November means the ninth month. xii) December means the tenth month.

Aryabhushan School Dictionary | mr  en |   | 
  Flesh.
 m  A month.

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