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ऋग्वेद

A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
ऋग्—वेद  m. m. ‘Hymn - वेद’ or ‘वेद of praise’, the ऋग्-वेद, or most ancient sacred book of the Hindūs (that is, the collective body of sacred verses called ऋचs [see below], consisting of 1017 hymns [or with the वालखिल्यs 1028] arranged in eight अष्टकs or in ten मण्डलs; मण्डलs 2-8 contain groups of hymns, each group ascribed to one author or to the members of one family; the ninth book contains the hymns sung at the सोम ceremonies; the first and tenth contain hymns of a different character, some comparatively modern, composed by a greater variety of individual authors; in its wider sense the term ऋग्-वेद comprehends the ब्राह्मणs and the सूत्र works on the ritual connected with the hymns), [AitBr.]; [ŚBr.]; [Mn. &c.]
See also: ऋग् - वेद

Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
ऋग्वेद  m.  (-दः) The Rich or Rik Veda, the first of the four Vedas.
E. ऋच् and वेद a Veda.
See also: ऋच् - वेद

A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
The R̤igveda, the first of the four Vedas.

 पु. चार वेदांपैकीं पहिला वेद . या वेदाचीं १० मंडलें असून तीं निरनिराळ्या ऋषींच्या नांवांवर आहेत . कांहीं ऋचांचें एक सूक्त व कांहीं सूक्तांचें एक मंडल अशी याची गणना आहे . याची दुसरी गणना म्हणजे आठ अष्टक व ६४ अध्याय ही होय . कांहीं ऋचांचा एक वर्ग , कांहीं वर्गांचा एक अध्याय , आठ अध्यायांचा एक अष्टक व असे आठ अष्टक म्हणजे ऋग्वेद . ही विभागणी अलीकडील आहे . ऋग्वेदाचीं एकंदर सूक्तें १०२८ असून एकंदर ऋचा १०५८०॥ व अक्षरसंख्या ४३२००० आहे . चारी वेदांत ऋग्वेद मोठा आहे . ऋग्वेद हा हौत्रवेद असून यज्ञांतील होता नामक ऋत्विजानें यांतील मंत्र म्हणावयाचे असतात . [ सं . ]

Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
ṚGVEDA   The [Ṛgveda] is the oldest recorded work of the human race. The Egyptians claim that another book entitled “Book of the Dead” was also written during the period of the Ṛgveda. The Babylonians have an ancient work called ‘Gilgamish’, which according to scholars, is not as old as the Ṛgveda. Ṛgveda is the work that forms the basis of Hindu religion. Of the four Vedas, Yajurveda, Sāmaveda and Atharvaveda were composed after Ṛgveda.” The Ṛgveda sūktas were interpreted for the first time in Yāska's “Nirukta” and Sāyaṇa's “Vedārthaprakāśa”. The most important of the four Vedas is Ṛgveda. It is divided into ten “Maṇḍalas”. There are 1017 sūktas and 10472 Ṛks in it. Although there are 11 more Sūktas called “khilas,” they are not usually included in the Ṛgveda. Maṇḍalas two to seven of the Ṛgveda were composed in different Ṛṣikulas. The second Maṇḍala was of Bhārgava Kula, the third of Viśvāmitrakula, the fourth of Vāmadeva, the fifth of Atri, the sixth of Bharadvāja and the seventh of Vasiṣṭha. The eighth Maṇḍala and the first 50 Sūktas of the first Maṇḍala were composed by Kaṇvakula. The general view is that the tenth Maṇḍala was written by someone at a later period. Most of the Ṛgveda sūktas are praises. But some of the Sūktas in the tenth Maṇḍala are of a different type. We can see in many sūktas the joy and wonder experienced by the Āryas when they entered the beautiful land of India for the first time. Most scholars believe that the Ṛgveda was composed during the period between 2,500 and 2,000 B.C. Ancient Belief about Ṛgveda. The four Vedas--Ṛgveda, Yajurveda, Sāmaveda and Atharvaveda emerged from the four faces of Brahmā. In Kṛtayuga, Brahmā gave these Vedas to his sons. In Dvāparayuga, the Ṛṣis got these Vedas. Mahāviṣṇu incarnated on earth for the preservation of Dharma, in the person of Veda Vyāsa. Vyāsa distributed the Vedas among his son Śākalya and his disciples. Śākalya received Ṛgveda. He communicated it to his disciples. [Bhāgavata, 12th Skandha]. See under the word Veda.

Aryabhushan School Dictionary | mr  en |   | 
 m  The first of the four Vedas.

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