Bhagvad Gita - Chapter Eight

The Bhagvad Gita is a conversation between Lord Krishna and the Pandava prince Arjuna taking place on the battlefield before the start of the Kurukshetra War
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Text 1
Arjuna inquired: O my Lord, O Supreme Person, what is Brahman? What is the self? What are fruitive activies? What is material manifestation? And what are the demigods? Please explain this to me.
Text 2
Who is the Lord of sacrifice, and how does He live in the body, O Madhusudana? And how can those engaged in devotional service know You at tim of death?
Text 3
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: The indestructible transcedental living entity is called Brahman, and his eternal nature is called adhyatma, the Action pertaining to the developmet of the material bodies of the living entities is called karma, or fruitive activities.
Text 4
O best of the embodied beings, the physical nature, which is constantly changing. is called adhibhuta [the material manifestation].The universal form of the Lord. which includes all the demigods, like those of the sund and moon, is called adhidaiva. And I, the Supreme Lord, represented as the Supersoul in heart of every embodied being, am called adhiyajna [the Lord sacrifice]
Text 5
And whoever, at the end of his life, quits his body remembering Me along at once atain My nature. Of this there is no doubt.
Text 6
Whatever state of being on remembers when when he quits his body, O son of Kunti, that state he will attain without fail.
Text 7
Therefore, Arjuna you should always think of Me in the form of Krsa and at the same time carry out your prescribed duty of fighting With your activities dedicated to Me and your mind and intelligence fixed on Me, you will attain Me without doubt.
Text 8
He who meditates on Me as as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, his mind constantly engaged in remebering Me, undeviated from the path he,O Partha, is sure to reach Me.
Text 9
One should meditate upon the Supreme Person as the one who knows everything, as He who is the oldest, who is the controller, who is smaller than the smallest, who is the maintainer of everything, who is beyond all material conception, who is inconveivable, and who is is always a person. He is luminous like the sun, and He is transcendental beyond this material nature.
Text 10
One who, at the time of death, fixes his life air between the eyebrows and, by the strength of yoga, with an undeviating mind, engages himself in remembering the Supreme Lord in full devotion, will certainly attain to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Text 11
Persons who are learned in the Vedas. who utter omkara and who are great sages in the renounced order enter Brahman.Desiring such prefection,one practices celibacy. I shall now briefly explain to you this process by which one may attain salvation.
Text 12
The yogic situation is that of detachment from all sensual engagements. Closing all the doors of the senses and fixing the mind on the heart and the life air at the top of the head, one establishes himself in yoga.
Text 13
After being situated in this yoga practice and vibrating the sacred syllable om, the the supreme combination of letters, if one thinks of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and quits his body, he will certainly reach the spiritual planets.
Text 14
For one who always remembers Me without devition, I am easy to obtain, O son of Prtha, because of his constant engagement in devotional service.
Text 15
After attaining Me, the great souls, who are yogis in devotion, never return to this temporary world, which is full of miseries, because they have attained the highest perfection.
Text 16
From the highest planet in the material world down to the lowest,all are places of minsery wherein repeated birth and death take place. But one two attains to My abode, O son of Kunti, never takes birth again.
Text 17
By human calculation, a thousand age taken together from the duration of Brahma's one day. And such also is the duration of his night.
Text 18
At the beginning of Brahma's day, all living entities become manifest from the unmanifest state, and thereafter, when the night falls, they are merged into unmanifest again.
Text 19
Again and again, when Brahma's day arrives, all living entities come into being, and with the arrival of Brahma's night they are helplessly annihilated.
Text 20
Yet there is another unmanifest nature, which is eternal and is transcendental to this manifested and unmanifested matter. It is supreme and in never annihilated. When all in this world is annihilated, that part remaints as it is.
Text 21
That which the Vedantists describe as unmanifest and infalliable, that which is known as the supreme destination, that place from which, having attained it, one never returns-that is My supreme abode.
Text 22
The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is greater than all, is attainable by unalloyed devotion. Although He is present in His abode, He is all-prevading and everything is situated within Him.
Text 23
O best of the Bharatas, I shall now explain to you the different times at which, passing away from this world, the yogi does or does not come back.
Text 24
Those who know the Supreme Brahman attain that Supreme by passing away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an auspiecious moment of the day, during the fortnight of the waxing moon, or during the six months when the sun traves in the morth.
Text 25
The mystic who passes away from this world during the smoke, the night, the fortnight of the waning moon, or the six months when the sun passes to the south reaches the moon planet but again comes back.
Text 26
According to Vedic opinion, there are two ways of passing from this world-one in light and one in darkness. When one passes in light, he does not come back; but when one passes in darkness, he returns.
Text 27
Although the devotee know these two paths, O Arjuna, they are never bewildered. Therefore be always fixed in devotion.
Text 28
A person who accepts the path of devotional service is not bereft of the results derived from studying the Vedas, performing austere sacrifices, giving charity or pursuring philosophical and fruitive activities. Simply by performing devotional service, he attains all these, and the the end he reaches the supreme eternal abode.


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Last Updated : November 10, 2013

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