Bhagvad Gita - Chapter Six

The Bhagvad Gita is a conversation between Lord Krishna and the Pandava prince Arjuna taking place on the battlefield before the start of the Kurukshetra War

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Text 1

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: One who is unattached to the fruits of his work and who works as he is obligated is in the renounced order of life, and he is the true mystic, not he who lights no fire and performs no duty.

Text 2

What is called renunciation you should know to be the same as yoga, or liking onself with the Supreme, O son of Pandu, for one can never become a yoge unless he renounces the desire for sense gratification.

Text 3

For one who is neophyte in the eightfuold yoga system, work is said to be the means; and for one who is already elevated in yoga, cessation of all material activities is said to be the means.

Text 4

A person is said to be elevated in yoga when, having reounced all material desires, he neither acts for sense gratification nor engages in fruitive activies.

Text 5

One must delived himself with the help of his mind not degrade himself. The mind is friend of the conditioned soul, and his enemy as well.

Text 6

For him who has conquered the mind, the mind is the best of friends; but for one who has failed to do so, his mind will remain remain the greatest enemy.

Text 7

For one who has conqured the mind, the Supersoul is already reached, for the has atained tranquillity. To such a man happeness and distress, heat and cold, hanor and dishonor are all the same.

Text 8

A person is said to be established in self-realization and is called a yogi[or mystic] when he is fully satisfied by virtue of acquired knowledge and realization. Such a person is situated in transcendence and is self-controlled. He sees everything-whether it be pebbles,stones or gold-as the same.

Text 9

A person is considered still further advanced when he regards honest well-wishers,affectionate benefactors,the neutral,mediators,the envious,friends and enemies,the pious and the sinners all with an equal mind.

Text 10

A transcendentalist should always engage his body,mind and self in relationship with the Supreme; he should live alone in a secuded place should always carefully control his mind. He should be free from deisres and feelings of possessiveness.

Text 11-12

To practice yoga,one should go to a secuded place and should lay kusa grass on the ground and then cover it with deerskin and a soft cloth. The seat should be neither too high nor too low and should be situated in a sacred place. The yogi should then sit on it very firmly and practice yoga to purify the heart by controlling his mind,senses and activities and fixing the mind on one point.

Text 13-14

One should hold one's body, neck and head erect in a straight line and stare stradily at the tip of the nose. Thus with an unagitated,subdued mind devoid of fear, completely free from sex life, one should meditate upon Me within the heart and make Me the ultimate goal of life.

Text 15

Thus practicing constant control of the body, mind and activities, the mystic transcendentalist, his mind regulated, attains to the kingdom of God [or the abode of Krsna] by cessation of material existence.

Text 16

There is no possibility of one's becoming a yogi, O Arjuna,if one eats too much or eats too littel, sleeps too much or does not sleep enough.

Text 17

He who is regulated in his habits of eating sleeping recreation and work can mitigate all material paints by practicing the yoga system.

Text 18

When the yogi, by practice of yoga, disciplines his mental activies and becomes situated in transcendence-devoid of all material desires-he is said to be well established in yoga.

Text 19

As lamp in a windless place does not waver, so the transcendentalist, whose mind is controlled, remains always, stready in his meditation on the transcendent self.

Text 20-23

In the stage of perfection called trance or samadhi,one's mind is completely restrained from material mental activities by practice of yoga. This perfection is characteized by one's ability to see the self by the pure mind and to relish and rejoice in the self. In that joyous state, one is situated in boundless transcendental happiness, realized through transendental senses. Established thus, one never departs from the truth and upon gaining this he thinks there is no greater gain, Being situated in such a positon, one is never shaken, even in the midst of greatest difficulty. This indeed is actual freedom from all miseries arsing from material contact.

Text 24

One should engage oneself in the practice of yoga with determination and faith and not be deviated from the path. One should abandon, without exception, all material desires born of mental speculation and thus control all the senses on all sides by the mind.

Text 25

Gradually, step by step, one should become situated in trance by means of intelligence sustained by full conviction, and thus the mind should be fixed on the self alone and should think of nothing else.

Text 26

From whever the mind wanders due to its flickering and unsteady nature, one must certainly withdraw it and bring it back under the contol of the self.

Text 27

The yogi whose mind is fixed on Me verily attains the highest perfection of transcendental happiness. He is beyond the mode of passion, he realizes his qualitative identity with the Supreme, and thus he is freed from all reactions to past deeds.

Text 28

Thus the self-controlled yogi, constantly engaged in yoga practice, becomes free from all material contamination and achieves th highest stage of perfect happiness in transcendental loving service to the Lord.

Text 29

A true yogi observes Me in all being and also sees every in Me. Indeed the self-realized person sees Me, the same Supreme Lord, everywhere.

Text 30

For one who sees Me everywhee and seed everything in Me, I am never lost, nor is he ever lost to Me.

Text 31

Such a yogi, who engages in the worshipful service of the Supersoul, knowing that I and the Supersoul are one, remains always in Me in all circumstances.

Text 32

He is a perfect yogi who, by comparison to his own self, sees the true equality of all beings, in both their happiness and their distress, O Arjuna!

Text 33

Arjuna said: O Madhusudana, the system of yoga which You have summarized appears impractical and unendurable to me, for the mind is restless and unsteady.

Text 34

The mind is restless, turbulent, obstinate and very strong, O Krsna, and to subdue it, I think, is more difficult than controlling the wind.

Text 35

Lord Sri Krsna said: O mighty-armed son of Kunti, it is undoubtedly very difficult to curb the restless mind, but it is possible by suitable practice and by detachment.

Text 36

For one whose mind is unbridled, self-realization is difficult work,But he whose mind is controlled and who strives by appropriate means is assured of success. That is My opinion.

Text 37

Arjuna said: O Krsna, what is the destination of the unsuccessful transcendentalist, who in the beginning takes to the process of self-realization with faith but who later desists due to worldly-mindedness and thus does not attain perfection in mysticism?

Text 38

O mighty-armed Krsna, does not such a man, who is bewildered from the path of transcendence fall away from both spiritual and material success and perish like a riven cloud, with no position in any sphere?

Text 39

This is my doubt, O Krsna and I ask You to dispel it completely. But for You no one is be found who can destry this doubt.

Text 40

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Son of Prtha, a transcendentalist engaged in auspicious activities does not meet with destruction either in this world or in the spiritual world: one who does good, My friend, is never overcome by evil.

Text 41

The unsuccessful yogi, after many many years of enjoyment on the planets of the pious living entities, is born into a family of righteous people, or into a family of rich aristocracy.

Text 42

Or [if unsuccessful after long practice of yoga] he takes his birth in a family of transcendentalists who are surely great in wisdom. Certainly such a birth is rare in this world.

Text 43

On taking such a birth, he revives the divine consciousness of his previous life, and he again tries to make further progress in order to achieve complete success, O son of Kuru.

Text 44

By virtue of the divine consciousness of his previous life, he automatically becomes attrated to the yogic principles-even without seeking them. Such an inquisitive transcendentalist stands always above the ritualistic principles of the scriptures.

Text 45

And when the yogi engages himself with siincere endeavor in making further procress, being washed of all contaminations, then ultimately, achieving perfection after many, many births of practice, he attains the supreme goal.

Text 46

A yogi is greater than the ascetic, greater than the empiricist and greater than the fruitive worker. Therefore, O Arjuna, in all circum stances, be a yogi.

Text 47

And of all yogis, the one with great faith who always abides in Me, thinks of Me within himself, and renders transcendental loving service To Me-he is the most intimately united with Me in yoga and is the highest of all. That is My opinion.


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Last Updated : November 06, 2013

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