Kiskindha-Kanda - Doha 11 to 20

Sri Ramcharitmanas is a great Hindu scripture and poetic classic written by Goswami Tulsidas.

Doha - 11
Laksmana immediately summoned the citizens and the Brahmanas and (in their presence) crowned Sugriva as the king and installed Angada as the Crown Prince.

Uma, there is no such friend as Sri Rama in this world-neither preceptor, not father, nor mother, nor brother, nor master. Gods, men and sages, all as rule have some selfish motive behind their love. the same Sugriva who trembled day and night in fear of Vali, who had many a sore on his body and whose breast ever burnt with the fire of anxiety, was made the king of monkeys! The Hero of Raghu's line is extremely compassionate by nature. No wonder that men who knowigly abndon such a lord should be caught in the meshes of calamity. The Lord then sent for Sugriva and instructed him in the various principles of statecraft. Said the Lord, "Listen, O Sugriva, lord of the monkeys: I may not enter a town for four years and ten. The hot season is now over and the rains have set in. I will, therefore, encamp on the hills not far from you. You and Angada rule over the kingdom, and ever cherish my business in your heart. "When Sugriva returned home, Sri Rama took up His abode on the Pravarsana hills.

Doha - 12
The gods had already kept ready for Him a charming cave in the mountain in the hope that the all-merciful Sri Rama would come and stay there for a few days.

The lovely forest, rich in flowers, presented a most splendid sight with its swarms of bees humming in greed of honey. Delightful bulbs, roots, fruits and leaves grew in abundance from the time the Lord came there Seeing the mountain incomparable in its charms Sri Rama, the suzerain Lord of gods, stayed there with His younger brother. Taking the form of bees, birds and beasts, gods Siddhas and hermits did service to the Lord. The forest became a picture of felicity from the time Sri Rama the Lord of Laksmi (the goddess of prosperity), took up His residence there. There was a delightful and glistening rock crystal, on which the two brothers sat at ease. Sri Rama gave a discourse to His yonger brother on many a topic such as Devotion, dispassion, statecraft and spirtual wisdom. As the rains had set in, the sky was overcast with clouds, which made a delightful rumbling noise.

Doha - 13
"Look here, Laksmana: the peacocks dance at the sight of the clouds, even as a householder having a leaning towards dispassion would rejoice to see a devotee of Bhagavan Visnu.

"The clounds are fast gathering in the sky and making a terrible noise. Bereft as I am of my darling (Sita), my heart trembless to see all this. The lightning flashes fitfully amid the clounds, like the friendship of the wicked, which never endures. The pouring clouds cleave close to the ground even as the learned stoop beneath accumulated lore. The mountains endure the buffeting of showers even as a saint would put up with the taunts of the wicked. The welling streamlets rush with great speed just as the wicked would feel elated even with a small fortune. The water becomes turbid the moment at descends on earth even as the Jiva (an embodied soul) is enveloped in Maya as soon as born. The water coming from various directions gathers into a pool even as commendable virtues find their way into the heart of a noble soul. The water of the stream, becomes still once it pours into the ocean, just as the ego finds eternal rest on attaining union with Sri Hari.

Doha - 14
"The green earth is so choked with grass that the tracks cannot be distinguished, just as holy books are obscured by heretic doctrines.

"On all sides one hears the delightful croaking of frongs, which reminds one of a batch of religious students chanting the Vedas. Clothed with new leaves the trees of different species look as green and cheerful as the mind of a striving soul who has attained spiritual wisdom. The leaves of the Aka and Javasa plants have fallen off even as under good government the plants of the wicked come to naught. Dust cannot be found even if one searches for it, just as piety is scared away be anger. The earth rich with crops appears as delightful as the wealth of a generous man. In the thick darkness of the night fireflies gleam like a mustered band of hypocrites. The embankments of the fields fave been breached by torrential rains just as women get spoiled by freedom. Clever husbandmen protect their crop by uprooting the weeds, just as the wise discard infatuation, vanity and pride. The Cakravaka birds are no more to be seen, just as virtues disappear with the Kali age. Even though it rains on the barren lands as well, not a blade of grass sprouts on it, just as concupiscence take no root in the heart of a servant of Sri Hari. The earth looks charming with the swarms of various living cratures even as the population grows under a good government. Many a weary traeveller has stopped here and there just as with the dawning of wisdom the senses become still.

Doha - 15A-B
"Sometimes a strong wind would blow and disperse the clouds in various directions, just as with the birth of an unworthy son the noble traditions of a family get extinct. Now it becomes pitch dark even during the day, while at other times the sun would shine brightly, just as the light of wisdom is obscured in the company of the vile and manifests itself in the cocmpany of the good.

"Look here, Laksmana: the rains are over now and the most charming autumn has arrived. The whole earth is covered by the Kasa grass with its white flowers as if the rainy season has exposed its old age. The constellation known by the name of Agastya (Canopus) has appeared and dried up the water on the roaeds even as contentment swallows greed. The limpid water of the rivers and lakes looks charming as a saint's heart devoid of pride and infatuation. Drop by drop the water of the streams and lakes is drying up even as the wise shake off the possessive instinct. Knowing that the autumn had set in the Khanjana bird has made its appearance, Just as the welcome fruit of one's meritorious deeds appears at the appointed time (neither sooner nor later). Devoid of mud and dust the earth has assumed a lovely aspect just like the administration of a monarch well-versed in politics. The fish are disressed on account of the diminshing waters even as an improvident householder suffering from want of money. The cloudless sky is shining as bright as a devotee of Sri Hari, who has abandoned all desires. Here and there we have light autumnal showers, just as a rare soul comes to develop devotion to Me.

Doha - 16
"King and ascetics, merchants and mendicants are gladly leaving the city (Kings for extending their dominions, ascetics in search of a suitable place for practising penance, Merchants for carrying on their trade and mendicants for begging alms), just as men in any of the four stages, of life cease to toil (for perfection) once they have acquired devotion to Sri Hari.

"In deep waters the fish are as happy as eyer, just as those who have taken refuge in Sri Hari (i.e.,Myself) never fall into trouble of any kind. With full-blown lotuses the lake appears as charming as when the absolute Brahma appears with form. The bees are making a humming sound which possesses a unique melody of its own, and the birds a charming concert of diverse sounds. The Cakravaka bird is sad at  heart to see the night, just as a villain is grieved at the sight of another's fortune. The Cataka cries out in its agony of excessive thirst just as an enemy of Sankara knows no rest. The moon by night relives the heat of the autunal sun, just as the sight of a holy man drives away sin. Flocks of Cakora birds fix their gaze on the moon as soon as she comes to their view, even as the votaries of Sri Hari on meeting Him. Mosquitoes and gadflies have perished due to fear of cold, just as hostility to the Brahmanas brings, ruin to the entire family.

Doha - 17
"The insects that teemed on the earth have perished with the advent of the autumn, just as a man who has found a teacher in the real sense of the term is rid all doubt and error.

"The rains are over and the autumn, which is marked by a cloudless sky and limpied water. has arrived; yet, dear brother, we have received no news about Sita. If only once I could anyhow come to know of her whereabouts I would recover her out of the hands of Death himself. wherever she may be, if only she is still alive I would make an effort to rescue her, dear brother. Sugriva too has forgotten me now that he has got a kingdom, a treasury, the amenities of city life and his own spouse. I will shoot the fool tomorrow with the same arrow which I used in killing Vali" (Says Sankara) He whose very grace rids one of pride and infatuation, could He ever dream of being angry. Uma? Those enlightened sages alone who have conceived love for the feet of Sri Rama (the Hero of Raghu's race) can know the inwardness of this conduct of His. When Laksmana found the Lord angry, he strung his bow and took arrows in his hands.

Doha - 18
The Lord of Raghus, who was the highest embodiment of compassion, then instructed His younger brother saying, "Sugriva is our friend, dear brother; you should only frighten him and bring him here."

There (at Kiskindha) Hanuman, the son of the wind-god,thought to himself, "Sugriva has forgotten the task entrusted to him by Sri Rama. "Approaching Supriva, therefore, he bowed his head at his feet and tried to bring him round by employing all the four methods of persuasion Sugriva felt much alrmed to hear the words of Hanuman. "Sensuality has robbed me of my senses. Now, O son of the wind-god, troops of monkeys are scattered here and there: send batches of messengers to them and have it proclaimed that anyone who fails to appear before me within a fortnight shall meet his death at my hands." Thereupon Hanuman sent for envoys and receiving them most politely charged them with their duty, making use of threats, blandishments and persuasion. They all bowed their head at his feet and proceeded on thier journey. That very moment Laksmana entered the city; seeing him angry monkeys ran away helter-skelter.

Doha - 19
Laksmana then strung his bow and said, "I will burn the city to ashes (by making use of the Agni-astra)" Thereupon came Vali's son (prince Arigada), seeing the whole city in dismay.

He bowed his head at Laksmana's feet and made humble petition to him, whereupon Laksmana extended to him protecting arms, When the report of Laksmana's wrath reached the ears of the monkey lord (King Sugriva), he was terribly distracted with fear and said, "Listen, Hanuman: take Tara with you and with suppliant prayers appease the prince (Laksmana)" Hanumana: acordingly went with Queen Tara and bowing at Laksmana's feet recounted the Lord's glory. With much supplication he escorted the prince to the palace and after laving hisfeet seated him on a couch. Then the monkey lord (Supriva) bowed his head at the prince's feet, while Laksmana took him by the arm and hugged him "There is nothing so intoxicating my lord, as the pleasures to hear his humble speech and ressured him in many ways. The son of the wind-god told him all that had happened in the meantime, viz.,batches of spies had been despatched (in vairous directions).

Doha - 20
Accompanied by Angada and other monkeys and placing Sri Rama's younger brother at the head, King Sugrivaa went forth with joy arrived in Sri Rama's presence.

Bowing his head at Sri Rama's feet he exlaimed with joined palms, "My lord, I am not at all to blame (What I have done). Exceedingly powerful, O Lord, is Your Maya (deluding potency), which withdras itself only when You, O Rama, show Your grace to a Jiva. Gods, men and sage, my master, are all slaves of thier senses; whille I am a vile brute and a monkey, the most libidinous of animals. A man who is not pierced by the shaft of a woman's glances, any, who remains. A man who is dark night of anger (who is not swayed by passion) and who is never caught in the meshes of greed, is as good as Yourself, O Lord of Raghus. It is a virtue which cannot be attained by personal endeavour; it is only by Your grace that grace that one here and one there can acquire it." Thereupon the Lord of Raghus smiled and said: "Brother, you are dear to me as Bharata. Now with all your heart make some organized effort whereby we may get tidings of Sita."


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Last Updated : February 23, 2011

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