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मराठी मुख्य सूची|मराठी साहित्य|अनुवादीत साहित्य|धर्मसिंधु|तृतीयपरिच्छेद : पूर्वार्ध १|
पुंसवन संस्कार

धर्मसिंधु - पुंसवन संस्कार

हिंदूंचे ऐहिक, धार्मिक, नैतिक अशा विषयात नियंत्रण करावे आणि त्यांना इह-परलोकी सुखाची प्राप्ती व्हावी ह्याच अत्यंत उदात्त हेतूने प्रेरित होउन श्री. काशीनाथशास्त्री उपाध्याय यांनी ’धर्मसिंधु’ हा ग्रंथ रचला आहे.
This 'Dharmasindhu' grantha was written by Pt. Kashinathashastree Upadhyay, in the year 1790-91.


पुंसवन संस्कार

गर्भाचें स्पष्ट ज्ञान झाल्यावर दुसर्‍या, चौथ्या, सहाव्या अथवा आठव्या महिन्यांत करावा, किंवा सीमन्तोन्नयनाबरोबरही करावा. शुद्धपक्षांतल्या पंचमीपासून वद्यपक्षांतल्या पंचमीपर्यंतच्या-चतुर्थी, नवमी, चतुर्दशी आणि पौर्णिमा या तिथींखेरीजकरुन बाकीच्या तिथि व रविवार, मंगळवार आणि गुरुवार हे दिवस-शुभ होत. क्वचित् ग्रंथांत-सोमवार, बुधवार व शुक्रवार हेही सांगितले आहेत. नक्षत्रांपैकीं जीं पुरुष नक्षत्रें प्रशस्त म्हणून सांगितलीं आहेत तीं हीं:-पुष्य, श्रवण, हस्त, पुनर्वसु, मृग, अभिजित, मूळ, अनुराधा आणि अश्विनी. यांतलें पुष्यनक्षत्र मुख्य आहे. त्याच्या अभावीं श्रवण, त्याच्या अभावीं हस्त असा क्रम घ्यावा. अनवलोभन (गर्भाच्या तिसर्‍या महिन्यांत करण्याचा शुद्धीकरण संस्कार) संस्काराचाही हाच काळ जाणावा; कारण पुंसवनाबरोबरच अनवलोभन करावें असें सांगितलें आहे. पुंसवन व अनवलोभन हे गर्भसंस्कार असल्यानें प्रत्येक गर्भारपणांत करावेत. गर्भाधान व सीमंतोन्न्यन हे संस्कार असल्यानें प्रत्येक गर्भारपणीं करुं नयेत, फक्त पहिल्याच गर्भारपणांत करावेत. पहिल्या गर्भारपणीं (हे संस्कार) न केले तर लोप होतो म्हणून, प्रत्येक गर्भकाळीं प्रायश्चित्त करणें अवश्य आहे, कारण पहिल्या गर्भाच्या वेळीं या (गर्भाधान व सीमन्तोन्नयन) संस्काराचें प्रायश्चित्त केल्यानें दुसर्‍या, तिसर्‍या वगैरे गर्भांच्या संस्कारांची सिद्धि होत नाहीं. प्रायश्चित्त केल्यानें दोषाचा मात्र परिहार होतो. पुण्याची प्राप्ति संस्कारविधि केल्यानेच होते; यास्तव, प्रत्येक गर्भकाळीं प्रायश्चित्त करणेंच योग्य आहे. पुंसवन व अनवलोभन हे संस्कार तेवढे गर्भसंस्कार असल्यानें, ते जरी पहिल्या गर्भाच्या वेळीं केले असले, तरी पुढेंही प्रत्येक गर्भाच्या वेळीं करावेत. जाणूनबुजून केले नसल्यास दुप्पट प्रायश्चित्त करावें. पुंसवनसंस्कार नवर्‍यानें करावा. त्याला करणें अशक्य असल्यास दीर वगैरेंनी करावा.

Translation - भाषांतर
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Last Updated : 2008-05-12T01:58:24.0170000

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GUṆANIDHI(गुणनिधि)

  • A Purāṇic character who lived a sinful life and yet attained Svarga. In the country of Kosala there was once a noble brahmin named Girinātha who was rich, erudite and well-versed in the Vedas. Considering his greatness people called him Girināthadīkṣita. Guṇanidhi was his son. When Guṇanidhi grew up he started his education under a preceptor called Sudhiṣṇa. Sudhiṣṇa had a wife named Muktāvalī. After some time Guṇanidhi started having clandestine relations with Muktāvalī. This developed so much that Guṇanidhi gave poison to his guru and killed him. His parents came to know of this and they came and reprimanded him. Evilnatured Guṇanidhi thought that the presence of his parents would be an annoyance to him in future. So Guṇanidhi and Muktāvalī planned together to kill his parents and one day they poisoned them. After some time Guṇanidhi and his wife lost all they had and gradually Guṇanidhi turned himself into a thief and drunkard. Nobody in the village liked the couple and all the villagers combined together and sent the couple away from the place. Guṇanidhi and Muktāvalī went to the forests and there they started a life of looting the travellers. After some years of a sinful life Guṇanidhi one day died lying beneath a Rudrākṣa tree. Servants of both Yama and Śiva came to claim the soul of Guṇanidhi. The servants of Yama said that the right place of Guṇanidhi the sinner, was in hell but the servants of Śiva said that even if he was a great sinner his place was in heaven because he died lying beneath a Rudrākṣa tree. In the end the Śivadūtas won and took Guṇanidhi to heaven. This story was once told by Śiva himself to demonstrate the glory of Rudrākṣa. [Skandha 11, Devī Bhāgavata] 
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