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अथ पूजाविधि:

प्रस्तुत ग्रंथात मंत्र, व्याख्यान, मराठी अर्थ आणि मंत्रविधान एकत्र मिळाल्याने जिज्ञासूंची तृप्ती पूर्ण होईल असा विश्वास आहे.


अथ पूजाविधि:
त्रिसंध्यं प्रजपेन्मंत्रं पूजनं तत्समं भवेत्‌ । एकदा वा भवेत्पूजा न जपेत्पूजनं विना ॥
इति गोतमीयवचसा जपात्पूर्वं देवतापूजनं विहितं, पूजनं विना जपनिषेध उक्त:, अत एव पूजनविषये किंचिदुच्यते ।
उपासनायामिष्टदेवतापूजनं प्रधानमङ्गम्‌ ।
तेन हि देवता संतुष्यति, श्रद्धया कृतपूजनेन आत्मनि द्दढविश्वास आहलावदश्च समुत्पद्यत इति प्रत्यहं देवतापूजनं कर्तव्यमेव ।
तत्र आचारग्रंथेषु उपचारभेदाद्दशविधापूजाभेदा: समुपवर्णितास्ते च यथा - पूजैकेनोपचारेण द्वित्रिपंचभिरेव च ।
उपचारैश्च दशभिस्तथा षोडशभिश्च तै: ॥
द्वात्रिंशदुपचारैश्वाष्टचत्वारिंशता च तै: ।
चतु:षष्टया शक्त्यशक्यनुसारेण बहव: पक्षा उक्तास्ते च तत्र द्रष्टव्या: ।
अथ उपचारा नाम - उपचर्यते सेव्यते देवता यैस्ते उपचारा: ।
इष्टदेवताप्रीत्यर्थं पूजायामुपयुज्यमाना द्रव्यविशेषा: क्रियाविशेषा भावनाविशेषाश्चेति यावत्‌ ।
गंधपुष्पादय: द्रव्यविशेषा:, प्रदक्षिणानमस्कारादय: क्रियाविशेषा:, ध्यानावाहनादय:भावनाविशेषा:, मुख्यदेवतार्पणेनांगदेवतार्पणेन च तत्प्रीतिजननाश्चेति - चं. दी. ।
नैकविधेषु पूजाप्रकारेषु षोडशोपचारपूजाप्रकार एव प्राय: सर्वत्राद्रियत इति तदनुसारेणैव विचार: क्रियते ।

Translation - भाषांतर
अर्थ :--- प्रथम सर्वसाधारण देवपूजाविधीबद्दल माहिती लिहितों -
प्रात:काल, माध्यान्ह व सायंकाल असा त्रिकालीं जप कर्तव्य असेल तर उपासकानें त्रिकाल पूजन करावें. दोन वेळ वा एक वेळ जप कर्तव्य असेल तर त्या त्या वेळीं
इष्टदेवतापूजन करून जप करावा. पूजन केल्यावांचून जप करूं नये. या गोतमीय वचनानें पूजनावांचून जप करूं नये असा स्पष्ट निषेध केला असल्यानें उपासनेंतील
पूजा हें प्रधान अंग ठरतें. कारण पूजनानें देवता संतुष्ट होते. पूजनानें देवतेच्या विषयीं प्रेम, व ही देवता आपली रक्षणकर्त्री आहे असा द्दढ विश्वास आपले ठिकाणीं उत्पन्न होतो आणि मनाला समाधान व आनंद वाटतो, म्हणून प्रत्येकानें नित्य देवतापूजन करावें. आचाररत्नादि आचारग्रंथांतून उपचारभेदानें १-२-३-५-१०-१६-३२-४८-५४-८० असे दहा प्रकारचे पूजाभेद सांगितले आहेत. ते त्या ग्रंथांत पाहावे. कांहीं पूजाभेद मी पुढें सांगणार आहें. प्रथम उपचार शब्दाची व्याख्या सांगतों. ‘तत्र उपचारा नाम उपचर्यते सेव्यते देवता यैस्ते उपचारा:’ -
ज्यांनीं देवतेची सेवा केली जाते व ज्यामुळें देवतेला प्रीति उत्पन्न होते त्याना उपचार म्हणावें. हे उपचार - द्रव्यविशेष, क्रियाविशेष व भावनाविशेष असे तीन प्रकारचे आहेत. गंधपुष्पादि पदार्थ समर्पण करणें हे द्रव्यविशेष, द्रव्य म्हणजे पदार्थ, प्रदक्षिना - नमस्कारादि हे क्रियाविशेष. ध्यान - आवाहनादि हे भावनाविशेष होत. यांच्या समर्पणानें प्रधानदेवता व अंगदेवता यांना संतोष होतो. भक्ताविषयीं देवतेच्या अंत:करणांत वात्सल्यबुद्धि उत्पन्न होते. पूजाभेद अनेक असले तरी प्राय: षोडशोपचार पूजा हाच भेद सर्वत्र स्वीकारला जातो. म्हणून षोडशोपचारपूजेबद्दलच मी लिहितों.


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Last Updated : 2018-05-24T14:14:50.1630000

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PRĀṆADHARA(प्राणधर)

  • A carpenter of Purāṇic fame. There were two celebrated carpenters in the country of Kāñcī named Prāṇadhara and Rājyadhara when King Bāhubala was ruling that country. They learnt many mechanical arts in carpentry and architecture from the great architect, Mayāsura. Prāṇadhara, the elder brother, became an addict to wine and women and gambling and lost all his wealth. Rājyadhara gave a portion of his wealth to his brother and before long both became poor. Then Prāṇadhara found out a plan and they both together made a mechanical bird and tying a rope to its legs sent it into the treasure-house of the King through a window. The bird picked up diamonds or ornaments which it could carry in its beak and came back to them. This continued daily for some days and then Rājyadhara advised his brother to stop it acquainting him with the dangers if it was ever found out. But Prāṇadhara did not heed the advice and continued the theft. When the keeper of the treasury found things missing he was worried. He mused: “Doors are not open. Can it be rats? No, there has never been a single rat here before. Then how did it happen?” Thinking thus he went and reported the matter to the king. The King was confident of the keeper. Soon he put guards over the treasure-house to keep watch over it at night. Little knowing that he was being watched Prāṇadhara put his bird into action that night also. The watchmen caught hold of the rope as soon as the bird came out with the booty from the treasure-house. Prāṇadhara knew that the trick had been found out and he rushed to his brother and told him what had happened. Immediately Prāṇadhara made a Vimāna and escaped from the place with his family. Rājyadhara also made a Vimāna and escaped. When he had travelled in the Vimāna for four hundred Kātas (Kāta=four miles) he reached a sea-shore and then leaving the Vimāna there started walking. On the way getting tired he slept inside a garden. When he woke up, a man on a peacock came to his side and said “You live here. When you are hungry and feel like taking food go to the second floor of this house and you will find there whatever you want.” The visitor disappeared and he found a house in front of him. When he had finished his daily ablutions he went inside the house which was empty. But when he went up he saw ample food in gold vessels arranged there. He never heard about his brother again. [Taraṅga 9, Ratnaprabhālambaka, Kathāsaritsāgara]. 
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